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Poster lunch

1024 - Effective strength training for breast cancer patients: literature review (84P)

Date

18 Nov 2017

Session

Poster lunch

Topics

Cancer Prevention;  Breast Cancer

Presenters

Rūdolfs Cešeiko

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2017) 28 (suppl_10): x16-x24. 10.1093/annonc/mdx655

Authors

R. Cešeiko

Author affiliations

  • Department Of Chest Surgery, Latvian Oncology Center Rakus Gailezers, LV1014 - Riga/LV
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Resources

Abstract 1024

Background

Breast cancer (BC) patients experience complex health and psychosocial challenges. Cancer and cancer treatment accompanied with an inactive lifestyle may further impair muscle strength and muscle force development characteristics. As a countermeasure exercise training has been increasingly implemented into the oncology setting the last 3 decades. Strength training can optimally target muscles and increased muscle strength may contribute to participation in daily life and improve a quality of life. However, the optimal type, intensity, and frequency of strength training, as a part of the treatment, that will most enhance muscle strength is yet unknown.

Methods

The purpose of this review is thus twofold: (I) review the literature with regards to how strength training can be used as part of BC treatment and (II) determine key factor that contributes to effective strength training. Published literature search was conducted in PubMed/MEDLINE database between January 2016 and February 2017. Total 50 articles were included in the current review using keywords (breast neoplasms physical activity strength training).

Results

Christensen, Jones et al. (2014) examined newly diagnosed cancer patients with mixed diagnoses (lung, gastric, colorectal, breast, and pancreas cancer), these patients had 0.9 kg lower muscle mass compared with healthy controls before initiation of cancer treatment, moreover during the course of adjuvant chemotherapy, early-stage BC patients lost 1.3 kg lean body mass (LBM), and continued to lose LBM after therapy was completed. BC survivors evaluated after completion of primary therapy displayed consistently 20–30% lower muscle strength compared with healthy individuals (Harrington, Padua et al. 2011). It has been concluded that intensity 66% of one repetition maximum (1RM) is the minimum to induce changes in muscle strength (McDonagh, Davies et al. 1984). Most physical activity interventions that have been used in BC studies combine endurance training with strength training and relaxation therapies (Baumann, Bloch et al. 2013), thus making difficult to assess an effect of training type. There has been a limited amount of studies on BC patients that include higher intensity strength training.

Conclusions

General consensus on strength training interventions for cancer patients was that training programs were well tolerated, safe and feasible and showed strength improvements that led to improved physical function and improved quality of life (Segal, Reid et al. 2003) (De Backer, Van Breda et al. 2007) (Battaglini, Mills et al. 2014). Recognizing that training intensity during strength training is a key factor to increase maximal muscular strength and rate of force development (RFD), strength training with an intensity higher than the adaptive threshold of 66 - 70% of 1RM may have been preferable to induce great physiological adaptations, thus enhancing faster recovery from specific cancer treatment.

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study

Rūdolfs Cešeiko

Funding

None

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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