Oops, you're using an old version of your browser so some of the features on this page may not be displaying properly.

MINIMAL Requirements: Google Chrome 24+Mozilla Firefox 20+Internet Explorer 11Opera 15–18Apple Safari 7SeaMonkey 2.15-2.23

Poster lunch

1362 - Myanmar clinicians' preference of truth telling about cancer diagnosis (574P)


18 Nov 2017


Poster lunch


Shu Mon


Annals of Oncology (2017) 28 (suppl_10): x177-x182. 10.1093/annonc/mdx668


S. Mon1, T.T. Aye1, M. Khine2, S.S. Htay2, N. Sein2, E.P.P. Aung2, P.T. Hnin2, S.L.L. Thaung1

Author affiliations

  • 1 Medical Oncology Department, Bahosi Medical Centre Bahosi Housing Complex, 11131 - Yangon/MM
  • 2 Oncology, Thurein Mon Clinic, 11211 - Yangon/MM


Abstract 1362


Cultural, social and ethical concerns play an important role in disclosure of cancer diagnosis in Asian countries. This study explores about attitude and preference of Myanmar clinicians on truth telling of diagnosis of cancer.


In March 2017, a questionnaire about revealing cancer diagnosis was prepare and given to practicing clinicians. Their opinions and preference of disclosure were studied.


Questionnaires were completed by 243 clinicians. Age range from 20 yrs to 73 yrs (mean = 34.52 ± 12). Among them, 67.5% (164) were under age of 35yrs. General practitioners composed of 77% and oncologists were 9.4%. During their daily practice, 50.2% answered that breast cancer is the commonest type of cancer seen in clinic. Followed by lung cancer (21%), colorectal cancer (10.3%) and cervical cancer (9.5%). Regarding to whom to reveal cancer diagnosis, 54% answered patient and family first. Only 13% of clinicians agree to tell patient alone. 58% believe that education status of patient is the most important factors for revealing cancer diagnosis. A total of 106 clinicians (43.6%) answered that they let the patients know suffering from a serious disease (not mentioning the word of cancer) that needs further specialized treatment. Family request, protection of patients from psychological distress were the reasons not to tell the disease cancer. Full disclosure is preferred by 49.8% (121) who gave the reasons of respect on patient autonomy and to take treatment as early as possible. Young clinicians prefer to reveal about diagnosis of cancer than older counterpart. (Table)Table:574P

AgeNot let to knowLet to know nonserious illnessLet to know serious but not cancerLet to know cancerTotal
35 yrs5037(47.43%)36 (46.15%)78
(Missing = 6)237

Chi square test p = 0.075


In this study, variations of clinicians' preference of truth telling of cancer diagnosis were seen. Due to sensitive cultural beliefs and strong family influence, a significant number of practicing clinicians still prefer not to reveal the word of cancer to patients. However, full disclosure was prefer and practice more by young Myanmar clinicians in recent days.

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study

Thurein Mon Clinic




All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

This site uses cookies. Some of these cookies are essential, while others help us improve your experience by providing insights into how the site is being used.

For more detailed information on the cookies we use, please check our Privacy Policy.

Customise settings
  • Necessary cookies enable core functionality. The website cannot function properly without these cookies, and you can only disable them by changing your browser preferences.