Oops, you're using an old version of your browser so some of the features on this page may not be displaying properly.

MINIMAL Requirements: Google Chrome 24+Mozilla Firefox 20+Internet Explorer 11Opera 15–18Apple Safari 7SeaMonkey 2.15-2.23

Poster Display session 2

2184 - The clinical impact of adjuvant dose-dense sequential chemotherapy (dds-CT) in patients with high-risk operable breast cancer (BC); pooled analysis of 6 clinical trials.

Date

29 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 2

Presenters

Elena Fountzilas

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v55-v98. 10.1093/annonc/mdz240

Authors

E. Fountzilas, G. Koliou, F. Zagouri, G. Pentheroudakis, C. Christodoulou, A. Koutras, D.G. Pectasides, D. Bafaloukos, E. Samantas, G. Aravantinos, P. Papakostas, A. Psyrri, P.A. Kosmidis, A. Koumarianou, E. Razis, H. Linardou, A. Christopoulou, C. Karanikiotis, H. Gogas, G. Fountzilas

Author affiliations

  • Data Office, Hellenic Cooperative Oncology Group (HeCOG), 11524 - Athens/GR
More

Resources

Abstract 2184

Background

The principles of dose-dense (dd) and sequential (s) chemotherapy (CT) were introduced in the adjuvant setting by HeCOG in 1997. We aimed to explore the long-term clinical benefit and safety of treatment of adjuvant dds-CT in patients (pts) with high-risk BC.

Methods

We performed a pooled analysis from 6 HeCOG-initiated clinical trials (3 randomized and 3 observational). Patients with operable, early-stage breast cancer received adjuvant treatment with epirubicin, taxane and cyclophosphamide/methotrexate/ fluorouracil (CMF), except from 297 patients included in one study who did not receive taxanes. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor was given prophylactically with all treatment regimens. The primary study endpoint was 10-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate.

Results

Between 06/1997 and 04/2013, 4,767 pooled pts were treated with dds-CT (median age 52.9, range 20.9-82.7, postmenopausal: 54%). Patients presented with Hormone receptor (HR)-positive/HER2-negative tumors (56%), HER2-positive tumors (29%) or triple negative breast cancer (TNBC, 15%). Overall, 92.2% of pts completed CT according to study protocol. Grade 4 adverse events were recorded in 356 (8%) pts, mostly neutropenia (81%). Grade 3-4 cardiac adverse events were reported in 6 (0.1%) pts. Six pts succumbed from toxicity during CT including febrile neutropenia (2 pts), acute myocardial infarction (1 pt), infection (1 pt), pulmonary embolism (1 pt) and acute respiratory failure (1 pt). In total, 134 (3%) pts were diagnosed with a secondary cancer; 126 (2.8%) with solid tumors and 16 (0.4%) with a hematologic malignancy. Median follow-up time was 8.9 years (95% CI 8.8-9.1). The 10-year DFS rate was 76% for pts with HR-positive/HER2-negative tumors, 73% with TNBC and 74% for those with HER2-positive tumors (62% and 82% in the pre- and post-trastuzumab era, respectively (p < 0.001).

Conclusions

dds-CT with epirubicin, taxane and CMF in the adjuvant setting was well-tolerated and was associated with favorable clinical outcomes.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Hellenic Cooperative Oncology Group (HeCOG).

Funding

Hellenic Cooperative Oncology Group (HeCOG).

Disclosure

E. Fountzilas: Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: K.A.M ONCOLOGY / HEMATOLOGY; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Merck; Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options: Deciphera. G. Pentheroudakis: Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony, Leadership role, Research grant / Funding (institution): Roche; Advisory / Consultancy, Leadership role, Research grant / Funding (institution): Amgen; Leadership role, Research grant / Funding (institution): Boehringer; Advisory / Consultancy, Leadership role, Research grant / Funding (institution): Merck; Advisory / Consultancy, Leadership role, Research grant / Funding (institution): AstraZeneca; Advisory / Consultancy, Leadership role, Research grant / Funding (institution): Lilly; Advisory / Consultancy, Leadership role: Bristol-Myers Squibb; Advisory / Consultancy: MSD; Leadership role: Enorasis. C. Christodoulou: Advisory / Consultancy: Merck; Advisory / Consultancy: Genesis Pharmaceuticals; Advisory / Consultancy: Pfizer; Advisory / Consultancy: Novartis; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Roche; Advisory / Consultancy, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: AstraZeneca; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Bristol-Myers Squibb; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Sanofi. A. Koutras: Advisory / Consultancy: Roche; Advisory / Consultancy, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Genesis; Advisory / Consultancy: AstraZeneca; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Novartis; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Bristol-Myers Squibb; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Pfizer; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Merck Serono; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Astellas; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Amgen. E. Samantas: Advisory / Consultancy: Merck; Advisory / Consultancy: MSD; Advisory / Consultancy: Asta-Zeneca; Advisory / Consultancy: Roche; Advisory / Consultancy: Amgen; Advisory / Consultancy: Genesis. G. Aravantinos: Advisory / Consultancy: Novartis; Advisory / Consultancy: BMS; Advisory / Consultancy: Roche Hellas; Advisory / Consultancy: AstraZeneca; Advisory / Consultancy: Sanofi; Advisory / Consultancy: Amgen; Advisory / Consultancy: Genesis Pharma; Advisory / Consultancy: Merck; Advisory / Consultancy: Pfizer. P. Papakostas: Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Roche; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Merck; Advisory / Consultancy: Genesis Pharmaceuticals. A. Psyrri: Honoraria (institution), Advisory / Consultancy: Amgen; Honoraria (institution), Advisory / Consultancy: Merck Serono; Honoraria (institution), Advisory / Consultancy: Roche; Honoraria (institution), Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): BMS; Honoraria (institution), Advisory / Consultancy: AstraZeneca; Honoraria (institution), Advisory / Consultancy: MSD; Research grant / Funding (institution): Kura. P.A. Kosmidis: Honoraria (self): Novartis; Honoraria (self), Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: MSD; Honoraria (self), Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Pfizer; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Genesis. A. Koumarianou: Advisory / Consultancy: Genesis Pharma; Honoraria (self): Pfizer; Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Roche; Research grant / Funding (self): Merck; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: MSD. E. Razis: Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Novartis; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Genesis Pharmaceuticals; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Pfizer; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Roche; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Bristol-Myers Squibb; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Genekor. H. Gogas: Honoraria (institution), Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution), Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Bristol-Myers Squibb; Honoraria (institution), Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): MSD Oncology; Honoraria (institution), Advisory / Consultancy: Amgen; Honoraria (institution), Advisory / Consultancy: Novartis; Honoraria (institution), Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution), Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Roche; Advisory / Consultancy: Pierre-Fabre. G. Fountzilas: Advisory / Consultancy: Pfizer; Advisory / Consultancy: Sanofi; Advisory / Consultancy: Roche; Honoraria (self): AstraZeneca. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

This site uses cookies. Some of these cookies are essential, while others help us improve your experience by providing insights into how the site is being used.

For more detailed information on the cookies we use, please check our Privacy Policy.

Customise settings