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Poster Display session 2

1402 - Subgroup analyses of a randomized two-by-two factorial phase II trial comparing neoadjuvant chemotherapy with 2 and 4 courses of cisplatin/S-1 (CS) and docetaxel/cisplatin/S-1 (DCS) as neoadjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced gastric cancer

Date

29 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 2

Presenters

Tsutomu Hayashi

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v253-v324. 10.1093/annonc/mdz247

Authors

T. Hayashi1, T. Yoshikawa1, K. Sakamaki2, K. Nishikawa3, K. Fujitani4, K. Tanabe5, Y. Ito6, T. Matsui7, A. Miki8, T. Fukunaga9, H. Nemoto10, Y. Kimura11, N. Hirabayashi12

Author affiliations

  • 1 Gastric Surgery, National Cancer Center Hospital, 104-0045 - Tokyo/JP
  • 2 Graduate School Of Medicine, Tokyo university, Tokyo/JP
  • 3 Gastrointestinal Surgery, Natinal Hospital Organization Osaka National Hospital, Osaka/JP
  • 4 Gastrointestinal Surgery, Osaka General Medical Center, Osaka/JP
  • 5 Gastroenterological And Transplant Surgery, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima/JP
  • 6 Gastrointestinal Surgery, Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Nagoya/JP
  • 7 Surgery, Aichi Cacner Center Aichi Hospital, Okazaki/JP
  • 8 Surgery, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe/JP
  • 9 Gastrointestinal Surgery, St Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki/JP
  • 10 Surgery, Showa University Fujigaoka Hospital, Yokohama/JP
  • 11 Gastrointestinal Surgery, Sakai City Medical Center, Sakai/JP
  • 12 Surgery, Hiroshima City Asa Citizens Hospital, Asa/JP
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Resources

Abstract 1402

Background

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is promising to improve the survival of locally advanced gastric cancer. However, optimal regimen and duration of treatment have not been established. We previously reported the primary results of COMPASS-D trial (ASCO-GI 2019). Herein, we report the results of subgroup analyses of efficacy by baseline disease characteristics and demographics.

Methods

Patients with M0 and either T4 or T3 in case of junctional cancer or schirrhous type received 2 or 4 courses of cisplatin (60 mg/m2 at day 8) / S-1 (80 mg/m2 for 21 days with 1 week rest) or docetaxel (40 mg/m2 at day 1) / cisplatin (60 mg/m2 at day 1) / S-1 (80 mg/m2 for 14 days with 2 weeks rest) as neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Then, patients underwent D2 gastrectomy and adjuvant S-1 chemotherapy for 1 year. The primary endpoint was 3-year overall survival. Subgroup analysis was performed in each regimen (CS vs DCS) and duration (2 vs 4 courses), stratified by age, gender, esophageal invasion, macroscopic type, histological type, cT, and cN.

Results

Between Oct 2011 and Sep 2014, 132 patients were assigned to CS (n = 66; 33 in 2-courses and 33 in 4-courses) and DCS (n = 66; 33 in 2-courses and 33 in 4-courses). The 3-year OS was 58.1% in 2-courses CS, 58.1% in 4-courses CS, 48.5% in 2-courses DCS, and 71.9% in 4-courses DCS. Subgroup analyses were summarized in the table.Table:

778P

SubgroupHR of 4-sourses (95%CI)HR of DCS (95%CI)
Overall0.77 (0.43-1.22)0.80 (0.48-1.34)
Age < 70 y.o.0.82 (0.45-1.52)0.88 (0.48-1.62)
Age = > 70 y.o.0.49 (0.17-1.39)0.68 (0.26-1.76)
Male0.53 (0.27-1.05)0.81 (0.42-1.54)
Female1.22 (0.51-2.90)0.79 (0.33-1.87)
Esophageal invasion-0.72 (0.40-1.31)0.71 (0.39-1.27)
Esophageal invasion+0.73 (0.24-2.17)1.06 (0.36-3.16)
Schirrhous or large Type30.47 (0.22-1.00)0.82 (0.41-1.63)
Non schirrous or large Type30.74 (0.23-2.41)0.50 (0.13-1.87)
Differentiated0.37 (0.08-1.66)0.38 (0.09-1.71)
Undiffirentiated0.66 (0.32-1.36)1.24 (0.63-2.43)
cT3 or T4a0.66 (0.38-1.17)0.76 (0.44-1.32)
cT4bN/A2.33 (0.26-21.4)
cN00.77 (0.32-1.86)0.74 (0.31-1.80)
cN + 0.66 (0.34-1.27)0.87 (0.46-1.66)

Conclusions

The DCS regimen and duration 4-courses showed a beneficial tendency as a neoadjuvant setting regardless of disease characteristics and demographics. The 4-courses DCS is widely applicable to future phase III study to confirm of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced gastric cancer.

Clinical trial identification

UMIN000006378.

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

The authors.

Funding

The Nongovermental Organization, Kanagawa Standard Anti-cancer Therapy Support System.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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