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Proffered Paper 2 – Genitourinary tumours, non-prostate

2483 - Primary Efficacy analysis results from the SORCE trial (RE05): Adjuvant sorafenib for renal cell carcinoma at intermediate or high risk of relapse: an international, randomised double-blind phase III trial led by the MRC CTU at UCL

Date

28 Sep 2019

Session

Proffered Paper 2 – Genitourinary tumours, non-prostate

Presenters

Tim Eisen

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v851-v934. 10.1093/annonc/mdz394

Authors

T.Q.G. Eisen1, E. Frangou2, B. Smith2, A. Ritchie2, R.S. Kaplan2, B. Oza2, I.D. Davis3, M.R. Stockler4, L. Albiges5, B. Escudier5, J.M.G. Larkin6, A. Bex7, S. Joniau8, B.W. Hancock9, G.G. Hermann10, J. Bellmunt11, E. Hodgkinson9, P. Hanlon2, M.K.B. Parmar2, A.M. Meade2

Author affiliations

  • 1 Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust - Addenbrooke's Hospital, CB2 0QQ - Cambridge/GB
  • 2 Mrc Clinical Trials Unit At Ucl, University College London, WC1V 6LJ - London/GB
  • 3 Eastern Health Clinical School, Monash University Eastern Health Clinical School, 3128 - Box Hill/AU
  • 4 Nhmrc Clinical Trials Centre, Chris O'Brien Lifehouse, 2050 - Camperdown/AU
  • 5 Department Of Medical Oncology, Institut Gustave Roussy, 94805 - Villejuif/FR
  • 6 Medicine, Royal Marsden Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, SW3 6JJ - London/GB
  • 7 Department Of Surgical Biotechnology, Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, London/GB
  • 8 Oncology, University Hospitals Leuven - Campus Gasthuisberg, 3000 - Leuven/BE
  • 9 Cancer Research Centre, Weston Park Hospital, S10 2SJ - Sheffield/GB
  • 10 Dept Of Urology, Frederiksberg Hospital, DK-Frederiksberg/DK
  • 11 Medical Oncology, PSMAR_IMIM Research Institutee, 08003 - Barcelona/ES
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Abstract 2483

Background

SORCE is a randomised, double-blind trial of sorafenib after surgical excision of primary renal cell carcinoma (RCC) at intermediate or high risk of recurrence (Leibovich classification).

Methods

We recruited patients from 147 sites in the UK, Australia, France, Belgium, Denmark, The Netherlands and Spain and randomised them (2:3:3) between three years of placebo (A), one year of sorafenib followed by two years of placebo (B) and three years of sorafenib (C). The initial sorafenib dose was 400mg twice per day orally, amended during trial recruitment to a reduced starting dose of 400mg daily. The primary outcome is investigator-reported disease-free survival (DFS). Given the results of the ASSURE and S-TRAC trials, and blinded to SORCE outcomes, we revised the primary analysis to compare three years of sorafenib (arm C) vs placebo (arm A) to focus on the question of longer exposure to sorafenib.

Results

Between July 2007 and April 2013, we randomised 1711 patients; 430, 642, and 639 to arms A, B, and C respectively. Median age was 58 years; 71% male, 84% clear cell histology, 53% at intermediate risk of recurrence and 47% at high risk of recurrence. We observed no differences in DFS or OS in any of our pre-planned and pre-powered analyses: all randomised patients, high-risk patients only, and patients with clear cell RCC only. Median DFS was not reached for three years sorafenib or for placebo (HR 1.01, 95% CI 0.83 -1.23, p=0.95). We observed non-proportional hazards: restricted mean survival time (RMST) was 6.81 years for three years of sorafenib and 6.82 years for placebo, RMST difference 0.01, 95% CI -0.49 – 0.48, p=0.99. Despite offering treatment adaptations, over half of patients stopped treatment early. Grade 3 hand-foot syndrome was reported in 24% of patients on sorafenib.

Conclusions

Sorafenib should not be used as adjuvant therapy for RCC. Active surveillance remains the standard of care for patients at intermediate or high risk of recurrence following nephrectomy; it is the appropriate control of our current international adjuvant RCC trial, RAMPART.

Clinical trial identification

ISRCTN38934710; EudraCT: 2006-006079-19; NCT00492258.

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

University College London (UCL).

Funding

Cancer Research UK, UK Medical Research Council, Educational Grants and Drug Supply from Bayer, Cancer Australia Support for Cancer Clinical Trials Program and University College London.

Disclosure

T.Q.G. Eisen: Honoraria (self), Research grant / Funding (self): Bayer; Honoraria (self), Research grant / Funding (self): Pfizer; Research grant / Funding (self), Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: AstraZeneca; Honoraria (self): Novartis; Honoraria (self): GSK; Honoraria (self): AVEO; Honoraria (self): Astellas; Honoraria (self): Boehringer Ingelheim. I.D. Davis: Research grant / Funding (institution): Astellas Pharma; Research grant / Funding (institution): Pfizer; Research grant / Funding (institution): Roche / Genentech; Research grant / Funding (institution): MSD Oncology; Research grant / Funding (institution): AstraZeneca; Research grant / Funding (institution): Janssen Oncology; Research grant / Funding (institution): Eisai; Research grant / Funding (institution): Bayer; Research grant / Funding (institution): Amgen; Research grant / Funding (institution): Bristol-Myers Squibb. M.R. Stockler: Research grant / Funding (institution): Bayer; Research grant / Funding (institution): Pfizer; Research grant / Funding (institution): Merck; Research grant / Funding (institution): Astellas; Research grant / Funding (institution): AstraZeneca; Research grant / Funding (institution): Bristol-Myers Squibb; Research grant / Funding (institution): Binomics; Research grant / Funding (institution): Celgene; Research grant / Funding (institution): Medivation; Research grant / Funding (institution): Sanofi; Research grant / Funding (institution): Tilray. J.M.G. Larkin: Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Bristol-Myers Squibb; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): MSD; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Novartis; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Pfizer; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Achilles Therapeutics; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Roche; Research grant / Funding (institution): Nektar Therapeutics; Research grant / Funding (institution): Covance; Research grant / Funding (institution): Immunocore; Research grant / Funding (institution): Pharmacyclics; Research grant / Funding (institution): Aveo; Advisory / Consultancy: AstraZeneca; Advisory / Consultancy: Boston Biomedical; Advisory / Consultancy: Eisai; Advisory / Consultancy: EUSA Pharma; Advisory / Consultancy: GSK; Advisory / Consultancy: Ipsen; Advisory / Consultancy: Imugene; Advisory / Consultancy: Incyte; Advisory / Consultancy: iOnctura. A. Bex: Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Pfizer; Advisory / Consultancy: Novartis; Advisory / Consultancy, Non-remunerated activity/ies: BMS; Advisory / Consultancy: Ipsen; Advisory / Consultancy: Eusa; Non-remunerated activity/ies: Roche. S. Joniau: Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony, Research grant / Funding (institution): Astellas ; Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: AstraZeneca; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony, Research grant / Funding (institution): Bayer; Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony, Research grant / Funding (institution): Ferring; Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: GSK; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Ipsen; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony, Research grant / Funding (institution): Janssen; Research grant / Funding (institution): MDX Health; Research grant / Funding (institution): Pfizer; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Roche; Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Sanofi. J. Bellmunt: Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Genentech; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: MSD; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (self), Research grant / Funding (institution): Pfizer; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: BMS; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Pierre-Fabre; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Janssen; Honoraria (self), Honoraria (institution), Research grant / Funding (self), Research grant / Funding (institution): Takeda; Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options: Biocline. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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