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Poster Display session 2

3581 - Opportunist and Serious Infections in Patients with Neuroendocrine Tumors Treated With Everolimus: A Multicenter Study of Real World Patients

Date

29 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 2

Presenters

Carine Mauro

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v564-v573. 10.1093/annonc/mdz256

Authors

C.D.C. Mauro1, V.H.F. de Jesus1, M. Barros1, F.P. Costa2, R.F. Weschenfelder3, N. D’Agustini3, M. Angel4, R. Luca4, J.E. Nuñez5, J.M. O'Connor4, R.P. Riechelmann1

Author affiliations

  • 1 Medical Oncology, A. C. Camargo Cancer Center, 01509-010 - Sao Paulo/BR
  • 2 Medical Oncology, Hospital Sirio Libanes, 01308050 - Sao Paulo/BR
  • 3 Medical Oncology, Hospital Moinhos de Vento, 90035001 - Porto Alegre/BR
  • 4 Medical Oncology, Instituto Alexander Fleming, C1426ANZ - Buenos Aires/AR
  • 5 Medical Oncology, Instituto do Cancer do Estado de Sao Paulo, 01246000 - Sao Paulo/BR
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Resources

Abstract 3581

Background

The incidence of infections is poorly studied in patients (pts) with neuroendocrine (NET) tumors treated with everolimus (eve) outside of clinical trials. We aimed to evaluate the incidence and risk factors for opportunistic infections (OpI) or any serious infection among eligible pts.

Methods

Retrospective multicenter Latin American cohort of consecutive pts with advanced NET who received at least one dose of eve. Duration of eve, comorbidities, organ dysfunctions, institution, type of prior treatment and concurrent immunosuppressive condition were tested for possible associations with serious (grade 3-5) infections in univariate and multivariable logistic regression models.

Results

111 pts from 5 centers were included: most were men (57.7%) and had pancreatic NET (49.5%). The median duration of eve treatment was 8.9 months and 30 (27%) pts required a dose reduction of eve due to any toxicity. The median overall survival of pts was 54.3 months. In a median follow-up of 32.9 months, 34 (30.6%) pts experienced infections of any grade, 24 (21.6%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 12.9 – 28.5%) pts had a serious infection and 8 (7.2%, 95% CI: 2.6 – 12.6%) had at least one OpI. Among pts with OpI, the pathogens were Candida sp, Toxoplasma gondi, Pneumocystis sp and Cryptococcus sp; the most common serious infections were pneumonia and gastrointestinal infection. Eight pts (7.2%) died and all deaths were deemed as related to eve. The multivariable analysis identified eve duration (every 6-month increase; Odds Ratio [OR]: 1.26, 95%CI: 1.02-1.55; p = 0.04) and Charlson comorbidity score (OR: 1.47, 95% CI: 1.03-2.08; p = 0.03) as independent risk factors for serious infection.

Conclusions

Infections are more frequent in NET pts using eve than previously reported by clinical trials - 2% had serious infections in the RADIANT-3 trial. Pts on eve should be closely monitored for infections, especially those receiving eve for several months.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Rachel Riechelmann.

Funding

Has not received any funding.

Disclosure

J.M. O’Connor: Honoraria (self): Novartis. R.P. Riechelmann: Honoraria (self): Novartis. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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