there is little solid evidence of the effectiveness of psychological interventions using MBRS program for those with advanced cancer. The objective of this study was to evaluate the acceptability and potential benefits of MBSR for pt with cancer pain in early palliative care.
Main inclusion criteria were: advanced cancer pt in early palliative care; NRS >3;PS >60% according to Karnosky, informed consent. 20 advanced cancer pt were enrolled. Each session included different forms of mindfulness meditation practice, mindful awareness during yoga postures and mindfulness during stressful situations. Participants enter upon enrolling into a commitment to carry out daily 45-min homework assignments .A dedicate nurse with experience in palliative care attended each mindfulness session. Primary outcome was total pain at the end of MBSR intervention evaluated by both VAS and ESAS scales. Secondary outcome was mood state change evaluated by POMS questionnaire. Satisfaction of treatment and compliance were also evaluated. All questionnaires along with a form for collecting personal and clinical data were administered by nurse at baseline and at the end of MBSR intervention.
19 out of 20 were female with median age 54 years old. 56% were receiving morphine for cancer pain. Preliminary results did show slight reduction in total pain score which however was not statistically significant. The POMS test showed significant changes in the mean scores indicating a statistically significant improvement of mood at the end of mindfulness sessions. Compliance program and homework was 70% while pt satisfaction was 78%.
This program appears to be feasible and well accepted. The improvements in the mood state suggests that the mindfulness techniques could play a role in helping patients to reduce mood disturbance. The role of nurse was optimal to allow critically ill patients to participate in MBRS and to guarantee adherence and satisfaction. Moreover nurse was very helful to support the mindfulness trainer in managing cancer patients according to their physical needs. Finally the presence of nurse has been evaluated by patients as part of cancer caring.
Clinical trial identification
Legal entity responsible for the study
Has not received any funding.
All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.