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Poster Display session 3

2075 - KEYNOTE-866: Phase 3 Study of Perioperative Pembrolizumab (pembro) or Placebo (pbo) in Combination With Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Cisplatin (cis)-Eligible Patients (pts) With Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer (MIBC)

Date

30 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 3

Presenters

Arlene Siefker-Radtke

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v356-v402. 10.1093/annonc/mdz249

Authors

A.O. Siefker-Radtke1, G. Steinberg2, J. Bedke3, H. Nishiyama4, J. Martin5, R. Kataria5, T.L. Frenkl6, C.J. Hoimes7

Author affiliations

  • 1 Genitourinary Medical Oncology, The MD Anderson Cancer Center, 77030-3721 - Houston/US
  • 2 Neurosurgery, NYU Langone Health, New York/US
  • 3 Urology, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen/DE
  • 4 Industrial Administration, Tokyo University of Scient, Tokyo/JP
  • 5 Medical Oncology, Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth/US
  • 6 Medical Oncology, Merck & Co., Inc., 07033 - Kenilworth/US
  • 7 Medical Oncology, UH Cleveland Medical Center, 44106 - Cleveland/US
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Resources

Abstract 2075

Background

MIBC is associated with a high rate of recurrence and poor overall prognosis despite aggressive local and systemic therapy. With standard therapy of neoadjuvant cis-based chemotherapy (CT), only a modest 5-year survival benefit is seen after radical cystectomy (RC). Recently, neoadjuvant CT and pembro showed efficacy in cis-eligible pts with MIBC (NCT02365766).

Trial design

KEYNOTE-866 (NCT03924856) is a randomized, multicenter, global, phase 3 trial to assess efficacy and safety of perioperative pembro + CT vs perioperative pbo + CT for pts with MIBC. Adult pts (≥18 y) with histologically confirmed MIBC (T2-T4aN0M0) with predominant (≥50%) urothelial histology, confirmed by blinded independent central review, are eligible. Pts must be previously untreated, be cis-eligible, have ECOG PS 0/1, and have tumor tissue for histology and PD-L1 analysis. About 790 pts will be randomly assigned 1:1 to receive 4 cycles of neoadjuvant pembro + CT followed by 13 cycles of adjuvant pembro after RC + pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) or 4 cycles of neoadjuvant pbo + CT followed by 13 cycles of adjuvant pbo after RC + PLND. Neoadjuvant/adjuvant pembro 200 mg will be administered every 3 weeks (Q3W); neoadjuvant CT consists of 4 cycles of gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 + cis 70 mg/m2 Q3W. Pts will be stratified by PD-L1 status (combined positive score [CPS] ≥10 vs < 10), disease stage (T2 vs T3/4) and region (USA vs EU vs most of world). CT/MRI will be performed ≤5 wk pre-cystectomy, 6 wk post-cystectomy, and Q12W up to 96 wk post-cystectomy imaging, and at discontinuation; then, Q24W in year 3 and beyond. Primary end points are pathologic complete response (pCR) and event-free survival (EFS) evaluated in pts whose tumors express PD-L1 (CPS ≥10) and in all pts irrespective of CPS score. Secondary end points are OS, disease-free survival, and pathologic downstaging in populations described for pCR and EFS, as well as safety, and patient-reported outcomes. Adverse events (AEs; graded per NCI CTCAE v4.0) will be monitored from randomization through 30 days after last dose of study drug (90 days for serious AEs).

Clinical trial identification

NCT03924856, April 23, 2019.

Editorial acknowledgement

Matthew Grzywacz, PhD, of the ApotheCom pembrolizumab team (Yardley, PA, USA), funded by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA.

Legal entity responsible for the study

Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA.

Funding

Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA.

Disclosure

A.O. Siefker-Radtke: Advisory / Consultancy, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Merck Sharp & Dohme; Advisory / Consultancy, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Janssen; Advisory / Consultancy, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Nektar Therapeutics; Advisory / Consultancy, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Seattle Genetics; Advisory / Consultancy: Bavarian Nordic. G. Steinberg: Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Merck; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: BMS; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy, Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options: Urogen; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: AstraZeneca; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Janssen; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Boston Scientific; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Cold Genesys; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: PhotoCure; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Aduro; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Asieris; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Ciclomed; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Pfizer; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Genentech; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: MDxHealth; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Ferring; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Fidia; Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options: Epivax Oncology. J. Bedke: Advisory / Consultancy: BMS, Roche, MSD, Pfizer; Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony, Research grant / Funding (institution): BMS, Roche, MSD. J. Martin: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: Merck & Co., Inc. R. Kataria: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: Merck & Co., Inc. T.L. Frenkl: Travel / Accommodation / Expenses, Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: MSD. C.J. Hoimes: Advisory / Consultancy: Seattle Genetics, Merck; Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Bristol-Myers Squibb, Genentech. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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