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Poster Display session 2

5842 - Efficacy and toxicity of combination chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, vincristine and an anthracycline in patients with metastatic extrapulmonary neuroendocrine carcinoma

Date

29 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 2

Presenters

Leonidas Apostolidis

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v564-v573. 10.1093/annonc/mdz256

Authors

L. Apostolidis, E.C. Winkler, D. Jäger

Author affiliations

  • Department Of Medical Oncology, National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg, 69120 - Heidelberg/DE
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Resources

Abstract 5842

Background

Therapeutic options for metastatic poorly differentiated extrapulmonary neuroendocrine carcinoma (EPNEC) after prior platinum-based chemotherapy are limited. Combination chemotherapy protocols with cyclophosphamide, vincristine and either doxorubicin/adriamycin (CAV) or epirubicin (CEV) are possible treatment options for small cell lung cancer (SCLC), however have not been systematically evaluated in EPNEC so far. The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy and toxicity of CAV/CEV in metastatic EPNEC patients.

Methods

We reviewed the combined prospective and retrospective NEN database of our center for patients treated with CAV or CEV between January 2009 and January 2019. Histological findings of all patients were reevaluated by the investigators in order to comply with the most current WHO classification.

Results

A total of 22 patients could be identified, 19 received CAV, 3 CEV. Patients had been treated with a median of 1 line of prior chemotherapy. Median proliferation rate (Ki67) was 70 %, small cell histology was present in 63.6 % of cases. Primaries were gastrointestinal (27.3 %), pancreatobiliary (22.7%), urogenital (22.7 %), head/neck (9.1 %) or unknown (18.2 %). Best response to CAV/CEV was stable disease in 3 patients, partial remission (PR) in 5, resulting in an overall response rate of 22.7 % and disease control rate of 36.4 %. Most notably, PR was observed in both 2 patients included with a prostatic primary. Of the remaining 14 patients, 12 (54.5 %) showed a progressive disease, 1 showed a mixed response and 1 was not evaluable for response. Median progression free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) after start of CAV/CEV was 2.0 and 10.0 months respectively. Significant toxicity (mainly hematotoxicity) was observed in 63.6 % of patients.

Conclusions

In this first analysis of CAV/CEV in EPNEC so far, moderate antitumor activity could be detected, most notably in patients with a prostatic primary. Despite some encouraging responses, PFS was limited and significant toxicities were observed in the majority of patients.

Clinical trial identification

The trial was approved by the institutional research ethics committee (approval S-428/2014).

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

National Center for Tumor Diseases (NCT) Heidelberg.

Funding

Has not received any funding.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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