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A phase Ia/Ib clinical study to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK) and preliminary anti-tumor activity of FCN-159 in patients with advanced melanoma harboring NRAS-aberrant (Ia) and NRAS-mutation (Ib).

Date

30 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 3

Presenters

Lu Si

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v533-v563. 10.1093/annonc/mdz255

Authors

L. Si1, L. Mao1, L. Zhou1, C. Li1, X. Wang1, C. Cui1, X. Sheng1, Z. Chi1, B. Lian1, B. Tang1, X. Yan1, S. Li1, X. Bai1, J. Dai1, Y. Kong1, L. Lin2, J. Zhang2, Z. Wu2, A. Hui2, J. Guo1

Author affiliations

  • 1 Department Of Renal Cancer And Melanoma, Peking University Cancer Hospital-Beijing Cancer Hospital, 100142 - Beijing/CN
  • 2 Medical Department, Shanghai Fosun Pharmaceutical Development Co, Ltd., Shanghai/CN
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Resources

Abstract 1832

Background

Gain of function mutations in NRAS occurs in 15-25% of patients with melanoma, leading to activation of Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK signaling pathway results in unconstrained cell growth and cell transformation. The MEK inhibitor targets this signaling pathway, inhibiting cell proliferation and inducing apoptosis. NRAS mutation status was identified as an independent poor prognostic factor in stage IV melanoma. It is also reported that the survival of patients with high copy number (>4) was significantly worse than that of NRAS patients with 2-4 copy number (P = 0.002). No drug was approved to treat melanoma patients with NRAS mutation or amplification until now. FCN-159, an oral and potent MEK1/2 inhibitor, has more than 10 folds higher selectivity against activated MEK1 and MEK2 compared with trametinib, and has demonstrated significant antitumor growth inhibition in two patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models with NRAS mutation. This is the first in human study to evaluate the safety and anti-tumor activity of FCN-159 in patients.

Trial design

This is a phase Ia/Ib, open label, dose-escalation study with expansion cohort that will evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and preliminary anti-tumor activity of FCN-159 in up to 37 patients with locally advanced or metastatic melanoma harboring NRAS-aberrant including both NRAS amplification and mutation (Ia) and NRAS-mutation only (Ib). In this study, the dose escalation utilizes 3 + 3, accelerated titration design with starting dose of 0.2 mg, QD, orally; the dose will be escalated until Maximum-Tolerated Dose (MTD) or the Recommended phase II dose (RP2D) being identified. The dose level will be considered to expand up to 6 patients if an objective response is observed, intending to collect more clinical data to support the RP2D determination. Once the MTD or RP2D is identified, an expansion cohort will be followed to further evaluate the safety and efficacy of FCN-159 in patients with NRAS-mutant melanoma. As of April 22, 2019, one patient has been dosed.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Shanghai Fosun Pharmaceutical Development Co, Ltd.

Funding

Shanghai Fosun Pharmaceutical Development Co, Ltd.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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