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Poster Discussion session - Gastrointestinal tumours, colorectal 2

2101 - The value of chemotherapy in Stage II colon cancer: much less than we thought

Date

21 Oct 2018

Session

Poster Discussion session - Gastrointestinal tumours, colorectal 2

Topics

Cytotoxic Therapy

Tumour Site

Colon and Rectal Cancer

Presenters

Lunpo Wu

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2018) 29 (suppl_8): viii150-viii204. 10.1093/annonc/mdy281

Authors

L. Wu1, J. Fu2, W. Fu3, J. Du4, L. Wang1

Author affiliations

  • 1 Gastroenterology, 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University University School of Medicine, 310009 - Hangzhou/CN
  • 2 Oncology, Zhejiang University Jinhua Hospital, 321000 - Jinhua/CN
  • 3 Oncology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 21201 - Baltimore/US
  • 4 Department Of Colorectal Surgery, Zhejiang University Jinhua Hospital, 321000 - Jinhua/CN
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Resources

Abstract 2101

Background

The use of adjuvant chemotherapy in stage II colon cancer patients remains controversial. We sought to evaluate the real effectiveness of chemotherapy on stage II colon cancer as well as select suitable patients for additional treatment.

Methods

Patients with stage II colon cancer during 1988 to 2010 were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. The competing-risk survival regression model and propensity score matching method were used to evaluate the colon cancer specific death (CCSD) and non-CCSD. Also, in order to identify more suitable candidates for chemotherapy, a competing-risk nomogram model was constructed. Risk score (RS) was calculated according to the model.

Results

53,617 patients with stage II cancer were included, 25.92% have received chemotherapy, and 74.08% were without chemotherapy. In total, 19.56% and 23.99% of patients died of CCSD and non-CCSD, respectively. Univariate and multivariate analyses showed receiving chemotherapy appears to be associated with more CCSD and less non-CCSD (HR 1.19, 95%CI1.14-1.24; HR 0.57, 95%CI 0.54-0.60, respectively), even after adjustment for covariates and propensity score weighting. A competing-risk nomogram was established and the model was relatively good with a C-index of 0.661. Based on the RS, different risk stage could only predict prognosis but fail to predict the benefit from chemotherapy.

Conclusions

No survival benefit was observed for patients with stage II cancer with chemotherapy. The value of chemotherapy is much less than we thought. Chemotherapy will not increase the treatment-related mortality.

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study

Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine.

Funding

Has not received any funding.

Editorial Acknowledgement

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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