This paper aims to determine instant anxiety levels of cancerous patients during treatment, as well as the factors involved, and establish the altering role of music on patients with high levels of anxiety.
This study was conducted on patients who received treatment at the outpatient chemotherapy unit. The patients were divided into two groups as the study and control group, and those patients who were aged between 18-65, diagnosed with breast cancer, operated and started adjuvant chemotherapy were included in the first course of treatment. In the study group, patients were provided with mp3 players with which they could listen to any music of their taste throughout the first course of chemotherapy treatment, which allowed them to listen to music. The individuals in the control group did not listen to music. The anxiety levels of all patients were determined before and right after chemotherapy by using the state-trait anxiety inventory part of the evaluation scale.
Both groups included 49 patients; the mean age of the study group was 48.8 ± 10.9, and the mean age of the control group was 54.6 ± 11.3. 81.6% of the patients in the study group were married, %18.4 were single, the majority (61.2%) of them were primary school graduates, and 85.7% were housewives. In the control group, 73.5% of the patients were married, 26.5% were single, most of them (65.3%) were primary school graduates, and 87.8% were housewives. Administered prior to treatment, the STAI-I state-trait anxiety inventory score was 52.4 ± 11.3 in the control group and 50.4 ± 11.9 in the study group (p = 0.372). After the treatment, the STAI-I state-trait anxiety inventory score was 45.9 ± 11.2 in the control group, whereas it was 32.7 ± 7.7 in the study group (p = 0.0001).
A comparison of the pre-treatment state-trait anxiety levels of the patients included in the study and control groups revealed no significant difference. However, the patients in the study group who listened to music after the treatment presented significantly decreased anxiety levels.
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All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.