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Poster Discussion session - NSCLC, metastatic 1

5074 - Impact of the EML4-ALK variant on the efficacy of alectinib (ALC) in untreated ALK+ advanced NSCLC (aNSCLC) in the global phase III ALEX study

Date

19 Oct 2018

Session

Poster Discussion session - NSCLC, metastatic 1

Topics

Targeted Therapy

Tumour Site

Presenters

Rafal Dziadziuszko

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2018) 29 (suppl_8): viii493-viii547. 10.1093/annonc/mdy292

Authors

R. Dziadziuszko1, T.S. Mok2, D..R. Camidge3, A.T. Shaw4, J. Noe5, M. Nowicka5, T. Liu6, E. Mitry6, S. Peters7

Author affiliations

  • 1 Oncology And Radiotherapy, Medical University of Gdansk, 80-211 - Gdansk/PL
  • 2 Clinical Oncology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, N/A - Shatin/HK
  • 3 Medical Oncology, University of Colorado, 80045 - Aurora, CO/US
  • 4 Mgh Cancer Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, 2114 - Boston/US
  • 5 Oncology Biomarker Development, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, 4070 - Basel/CH
  • 6 Product Development Oncology, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., 4070 - Basel/CH
  • 7 Multidisciplinary Oncology Center, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois - CHUV, 1011 - Lausanne/CH
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Resources

Abstract 5074

Background

The ALEX study (NCT02075840) showed superior investigator (INV)-assessed PFS with ALC vs crizotinib (CZ) (stratified HR 0.47, 95% CI 0.34–0.65, p < 0.001): median PFS not estimable ALC vs 11.1 months [m] CZ. Follow-up analysis (cut-off Dec 1 2017) indicated a median PFS of 34.8m ALC vs 10.9m CZ (stratified HR 0.43, 95% CI 0.32–0.58) [Camidge et al. ASCO 2018]. We report efficacy data from ALEX by EML4-ALK variant group.

Methods

Patients (pts) with stage IIIB/IV ALK+ NSCLC (by central IHC) and no prior systemic therapy for aNSCLC were enrolled (asymptomatic CNS metastases allowed) and randomized 1:1 to receive ALC 600mg BID (n = 152) or CZ 250mg BID (n = 151). ALK rearrangement was assessed in baseline samples by next generation sequencing (NGS; FoundationOne® [tissue] and Foundation ACT [plasma]) using the primary data cut-off (Feb 9 2017). PFS (INV-assessed, RECIST v1.1), objective response rate (ORR) and duration of response (DoR) were assessed by EML4-ALK variant.

Results

Baseline demographics/PFS were comparable between the biomarker evaluable populations (BEP; n = 203 tissue, n = 222 plasma) and the ITT population (n = 303). ALK rearrangement was detected by NGS in 136/203 (67%; tissue) and 145/222 (65%; plasma) pts. EML4-ALK variants 1, 2 and 3a/b accounted for ∼90% of variants (variant 2 was least prevalent). In the primary data set analysis, no significant difference was observed in INV-assessed PFS or ORR between the EML4-ALK variant groups in both tissue and plasma BEPs for ALC- and CZ-treated pts (Table). Median DoR was similar for EML4-ALK variants 1, 2 and 3 in the ALC arm but not in the CZ arm. Efficacy data by independent review were comparable.

Conclusions

These exploratory post-hoc analyses from the ALEX study show that the greater efficacy benefit of ALC vs CZ in ALK+ aNSCLC appeared independent of the EML4-ALK variant.

Clinical trial identification

NCT02075840.

Legal entity responsible for the study

F. Hoffmann-La Roche.

Funding

F. Hoffmann-La Roche.

Editorial Acknowledgement

Disclosure

R. Dziadziuszko: Advisory board or board of directors: Roche, AstraZeneca, Pfizer, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Ignyta; Corporate-sponsored research: Roche, Pfizer, Novartis, Ignyta. T.S. Mok: Stock ownership: Sanomics Ltd.; Advisory board: AstraZeneca, Roche/Genentech, Pfizer, Eli Lilly, BI, Clovis Oncology, Merck Serono, MSD, Novartis, SFJ Pharmaceutical, Acea Biosciences, Inc., Vertex Pharmaceuticals, BMS, geneDecode Co., Ltd., OncoGenex Technologies Inc., Celgene, Ignyta, Inc., Cirina, Fishawack Facilitate Ltd., Janssen, Takeda, ChiMed; Board of directors: IASLC, ASCO, ChiMed, Chinese Lung Cancer Research Foundation Ltd., Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO), Hong Kong Cancer Therapy Society (HKCTS); Corporate-sponsored research: AstraZeneca, BMS, Clovis Oncology, MSD, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, SFJ, XCovery. D.R. Camidge: Steering committee for trial, compensated ad hoc advising to self: Roche. A.T. Shaw: Consulting or advisory board: Genentech/Roche, Novartis, Pfizer, Ariad/Takeda, Ignyta, Daiichi-Sankyo, EMD Serono, Taiho, Blueprint Medicine, Loxo, Natera, Foundation medicine, TP Therapeutics. J. Noe: Employee: Hoffmann La Roche. M. Nowicka: Employed as a contractor: Roche. T. Liu: Stock ownership and employee: Roche. S. Peters: Advisory board/ board of directors. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.Table: 1379PD

ALCCZ
Tissue BEPPlasma BEPTissue BEPPlasma BEP
V1V2V3V1V2V3V1V2V3V1V2V3
Median PFS, mn = 25n = 8n = 21n = 22n = 10n = 25n = 28n = 5n = 25n = 28n = 12n = 24
NE11.5NENE14.9NE12.98.814.87.48.89.1
P = 0.0924P = 0.3777P = 0.8584P = 0.8317
ORR, %n = 22n = 8n = 21n = 21n = 10n = 24n = 27n = 5n = 25n = 27n = 11n = 24
91.062.566.790.570.083.370.4100.064.063.063.645.8
P = 0.1034§P = 0.3538§P = 0.2751§P = 0.4071§
Median DoR, mn = 20n = 5n = 14n = 19n = 7n = 20n = 19n = 5n = 16n = 17n = 7n = 11
18.416.618.416.916.817.611.17.212.05.67.211.1

V=variant; NE=not estimable; BEP=biomarker evaluable population

Log-rank test comparing all 3 variants;

§

Pearson's chi-squared test comparing all 3 variants

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