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Poster display session: Breast cancer - early stage, locally advanced & metastatic, CNS tumours, Developmental therapeutics, Genitourinary tumours - prostate & non-prostate, Palliative care, Psycho-oncology, Public health policy, Sarcoma, Supportive care

2911 - Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) After Progressive Disease (PD) in SPARTAN: a Phase 3 Trial of Apalutamide (APA) Versus Placebo (PBO) in Men with Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer (nmCRPC)

Date

22 Oct 2018

Session

Poster display session: Breast cancer - early stage, locally advanced & metastatic, CNS tumours, Developmental therapeutics, Genitourinary tumours - prostate & non-prostate, Palliative care, Psycho-oncology, Public health policy, Sarcoma, Supportive care

Topics

Cytotoxic Therapy

Tumour Site

Prostate Cancer

Presenters

Eric Small

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2018) 29 (suppl_8): viii271-viii302. 10.1093/annonc/mdy284

Authors

E.J. Small1, D. Cella2, K. McQuarrie3, F. Saad4, B.A. Hadaschik5, J.N. Graff6, H. Uemura7, S. Oudard8, M.K. Yu9, S. Hudgens10, A. Lopez-Gitlitz9, B. Rooney11, M. Morris12, M.R. Smith13

Author affiliations

  • 1 Hematology/oncology, Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California San Francisco, 94143 - San Francisco/US
  • 2 Medical Social Sciences, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 60611 - Chicago/US
  • 3 Patient Reported Outcomes, Janssen Global Services, 19044 - Horsham/US
  • 4 Urology, Centre Hospitalier de l’Universite de Montréal, H2X 0A9 - Montréal/CA
  • 5 Urology, University of Duisburg-Essen, German Cancer Consortium (DKTK), Partner Site University Hospital Essen, Essen, and Ruprecht-Karls University Heidelberg, Heidelberg/DE
  • 6 Hematology/oncology, Knight Cancer Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 97239 - Portland/US
  • 7 Urology & Renal Transplantation, Yokohama City University Medical Center, Yokohama/JP
  • 8 Immunothérapie Et Traitement Antiangiogénique En Pathologie cancérologique, Hopital European George Pompidou, 75015 - Paris/FR
  • 9 Clinical Oncology, Janssen Research & Development, 90024 - Los Angeles/US
  • 10 Quantitative Science, Clinical Outcomes Solutions, 85718 - Tucson/US
  • 11 Clinical Oncology, Janssen Research & Development, High Wycombe/GB
  • 12 Quantitative Science, Clinical Outcomes Solutions, CT19 4RH - Folkestone/GB
  • 13 Hematology/oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center and Harvard Medical School, 2114 - Boston/US
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Resources

Abstract 2911

Background

Compared with PBO, APA prolongs the median metastasis-free survival (MFS) by > 2 y (HR = 0.30; 95% CI, 0.24-0.36), and provids a 55% reduction in the risk of symptomatic progression (Sx PD) (HR = 0.45; 95% CI, 0.32-0.63) in patients (pts) with nmCRPC (SPARTAN study, Smith MR, et al. NEJM 2018), with no decline in HRQoL in either treatment group up to the time of developing distant metastases (Mets). Here, we report pt HRQoL following PD.

Methods

1207 pts (median age, both arms: 74 y) with nmCRPC were randomized 2:1 to APA (240 mg QD) or PBO. ADT was continued in all pts. HRQoL was assessed using the pt-reported outcome (PRO) questionnaire Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Prostate (FACT-P). Following development of Mets, pts in the 2 arms received similar treatments, and PROs were collected at 4, 8, and 12 mo. Sx PD was defined as 1) development of a skeletal-related event; 2) initiation of new systemic anticancer treatment due to pain progression or worsening of disease-related symptoms; or 3) development of clinically significant symptoms due to loco-regional tumor progression requiring surgery or radiation. Descriptive statistics were performed for all FACT-P subscales.

Results

Group mean PRO scores after PD were available from 341 pts and from 60 pts after Sx PD (Table). These PRO scores were similar for APA vs PBO up to 12 mo after PD. While APA delayed time to Sx PD, once Sx PD was reached there were similar numeric decreases from baseline across FACT-P subdomains up to 12 mo after Sx PD.Table: 804P

PRO group mean scores

APAPBO
BaselineBefore MetsAfter MetsaBaselineBefore MetsAfter Metsa
All pts, n797772157396384184
Group mean (SE)
FACT-P FACT-G117.2 (0.7) 84.1 (0.4)117.4 (0.7) 83.9 (0.5)112.5 (1.9) 80.7 (1.3)116.6 (1.0) 83.4 (0.7)116.6 (1.0) 83.2 (0.7)114.5 (1.6) 81.8 (1.1)
BaselineBefore Sx PDAfter Sx PDaBaselineBefore Sx PDAfter Sx PDa
Sx PD subgroup, n646430636330
Group mean (SE)
FACT-P FACT-G115.2 (2.5) 84.4 (1.9)117.0 (2.4) 84.2 (1.7)108.6 (3.7) 78.6 (2.9)117.8 (2.0) 85.2 (1.5)114.5 (2.2) 82.6 (1.7)105.6 (4.3) 75.3 (3.4)

aIncludes pts with and without subsequent approved treatment for metastatic CRPC. SE, standard error.

Conclusions

Relative to PBO, pts treated with APA had a longer MFS, with no decline in HRQoL through the time of Mets, and similar HRQoL after Mets. Sx PD was delayed with APA vs PBO and was associated with a decline in HRQoL in both groups. Thus, HRQoL decline for pts treated with APA was delayed because of a longer time to Sx PD.

Clinical trial identification

NCT01946204.

Legal entity responsible for the study

Janssen Research & Development.

Funding

Janssen Research & Development.

Editorial Acknowledgement

This study was funded by Janssen Research & Development. Writing assistance was provided by Ann Tighe, PhD, of PAREXEL, and was funded by Janssen Global Services, LLC.

Disclosure

D. Cella: Consultant: AbbVie, Astellas, Bayer, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Daiichi Sankyo, Inc, Evidera, GlaxoSmithKline, Helsinn, Ipsen, Janssen Research & Development, Novartis; President: FACIT.org. F. Saad: Grants, Personal fees, Non-financial support: Janssen, Astellas, Sanofi, Bayer. B.A. Hadaschik: Grants: German Cancer Aid, German Research Foundation, Profound Medical; Grants Janssen, Uromed; Personal fees: Janssen, Astellas, Bayer, Uromed; Non-financial support: Janssen, Astellas, Bayer. J.N. Graff: Grants: Janssen, Sanofi, Astellas, Merck Bristol-Myers Squibb; Personal fees: Janssen, Sanofi, Astellas, Bayer, Dendreon. H. Uemura: Personal fees: Janssen, Astellas, Takeda, Sanofi, Bayer, and Astra-Zeneca. S. Oudard: Personal fees: Janssen, Sanofi, Astellas, Bayer, Merck. S. Hudgens: Consulting fees: Janssen. K. McQuarrie, M.K. Yu, A. Lopez-Gitlitz, B. Rooney: Employee: Janssen Research & Development; Stock owner: Johnson & Johnson. M. Morris: Consulting fees: Janssen. M.R. Smith: Grants: Janssen; Personal fees: Janssen, Astellas, Bayer. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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