LOXO-292 is a novel, highly-selective, small molecule inhibitor of RET currently in clinical development (Phase 1, NCT03157128) for pts with advanced cancers harboring oncogenic RET alterations (e.g. non-small cell lung cancer [NSCLC], medullary thyroid cancer [MTC], papillary thyroid cancer [PTC], etc.). Here, we update data previously presented at ASCO 2018 on modulation of RET variant allele frequencies (AF) in plasma cfDNA with LOXO-292 therapy.
Blood was collected pretreatment, after 15 days of treatment, and at each restaging for cfDNA analysis by next-generation sequencing (NGS, Guardant).
As of 4/2/18, 82 pts were enrolled (38 RET fusion NSCLC, 29 RET mutated MTC, 9 RET fusion PTC, 2 RET fusion pancreatic cancer and 4 others) to 8 dose cohorts (20mg QDà240mg BID), and 343 plasma samples were collected. Here we report on 65 pts with plasma NGS results available. Of 62 pts enrolled based on a RET variant detected in a tumor sample, concordant RET alterations were detected in 41 (66%) of the corresponding pre-treatment plasma samples, including 19/30 (63%) pts with RET-fusion NSCLC and 16/21 (76%) pts with RET-mutant MTC. Median AF was higher for MTC (7.03%) than NSCLC (0.51%). In RET alteration-negative pre-treatment samples, peak AF for other detected alterations was generally low (0.28% median), suggesting low tumor DNA shed into plasma. Of 34 pts with a detectable pre-treatment plasma RET alteration and day 15 plasma NGS, RET alteration AF decreased by a median of 96%, with complete clearance in 15 pts (44%). Day 15 plasma clearance was observed at multiple doses, and was more common in RET fusion-positive (67%) than RET-mutant (8%) pts. Data for additional pts will be updated at the time of presentation.
The rapid clearance of RET variants from plasma cfDNA on LOXO-292 supports its observed clinical activity across a range of doses, tumor types and RET alterations. NGS of plasma cfDNA can detect a range of targetable RET variants, though tumor genotyping remains critical if the initial plasma NGS is negative. Serial plasma genotyping warrants continued study as an early pharmacodynamic marker for novel targeted therapies.
Clinical trial identification
Legal entity responsible for the study
Loxo Oncology Inc.
Loxo Oncology Inc.
B. Besse: Grant funding: AstraZeneca, BMS, Boehringer Ingelheim, Lilly, Pfizer, Roche-Genentech, Sanofi-Aventis, Servier, Onxeo, OncoMed, Inivata, OSE Pharma, Loxo. A. Drilon: Honoraria: Foundation Medicine; Pfizer; Advisory board Honoraria from Roche/Genentech, Takeda/Ariad, Loxo Oncology, Ignyta. L.J. Wirth: Personal fees: Eisai Inc., Novartis. B.J. Solomon: Honoraria: Pfizer and Novartis; Consulting or advisory role: AstraZeneca, Roche, Merck, BMS, Novartis. E. Zhu: Employee: Loxo. K. Gordon: Employee and stockholder: Loxo Oncology. K. Ebata: Personal fees and other support: Loxo Oncology, Inc during the conduct of the study; Personal fees and other support: Loxo Oncology, Inc., outside the submitted work. B. Tuch: Employee and share holder: Loxo Oncology. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.