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Poster Discussion session - Public health policy

4536 - Cascade BRCA Germline Mutation (BGM) Testing of women with Breast (BC) or Epithelial Ovarian Cancer( EOC) and their families with subsequent Risk Reducing Surgery(RRS): A Canadian Economics Model


20 Oct 2018


Poster Discussion session - Public health policy


Genetic Testing and Counselling;  Cancer Prevention;  Bioethical Principles and GCP;  Targeted Therapy;  Genetic and Genomic Testing

Tumour Site

Ovarian Cancer;  Breast Cancer


paul Hoskins


Annals of Oncology (2018) 29 (suppl_8): viii562-viii575. 10.1093/annonc/mdy297


P. Hoskins1, A. Ecclestone2, M. Hurry3, M. Dyer4

Author affiliations

  • 1 Medical Oncology, BC Cancer Agency, V5Z 1L3 - Vancouver/CA
  • 2 Statistics, DRG Abacus, manchester/GB
  • 3 Health Economics, AstraZeneca Canada, L4Y 1M4 - Mississauga/CA
  • 4 Health Economics, AstraZeneca Academy House, CB2 1PG - Cambridge/GB


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Abstract 4536


Targeted prevention by RRS in mutation carriers ( first test the index case with BC or EOC and , if positive, their family ) saves lives. BGMs rates: EOC (12 - 18%), BC ( 1- 5%). BRCA1 carriers have a 35 - 60% EOC risk and 65% for BC; BRCA2 12- 25% and 45% respectively. RRS prevents 80-90%. Does this also represent value for money compared to no prevention with treatment upon occurrence?


A patient level simulation was used: 50 yr time frame and all cause mortality endpoint. Assumptions: 1) all index cases and female family had BGM 2) all unaffected carriers had RRS – bilateral salpingo-oopherectomy (RRBSO) and bilateral mastectomy (RRM) 3) 26,316 and 2786 BC and EOC per year in Canada 4) BGM rate in EOC 12.6% ( 61.6% BRCA1; 38.4% BRCA 2) ; 4.7% in BC ( 51% BRCA1, 49% BRCA2) 5) test 10 relatives if index case positive ( 50% risk) and test 20 if 10 positive (25% risk) 6) prevention by RRS for EOC is 84% and 90% for BC 7) Standard therapy cures 50% EOC and 90% of BC. Costs: BRCA testing/counselling $1000; RRBSO $9080; RRM $5833; EOC chemotherapy $34,412 / year and BC one time cost $23,796; palliative care costs EOC $14,687, BC $29,993. Cancer -related utilities 0.5 to 0.72 for EOC and BC 0.71 to 0.77 .


29,102 index cases (1yr). 1668 had BRCA mutation as did 1593 10 and 275 200 relatives. Cases prevented: EOC 270 and BC 426. Total 50 year cost for testing/RRS cohort was $255 million and $285 million in the control cohort. ICER ( incremental cost effectiveness ratio) was - $7901 per quality adjusted life year ( dominant). Sensitivity analyses showed less cost effective ICER as testing /RRS rates fell. At real world rates e.g. 44% RRBSO and 21% RRM, ICER was $20,176. All probabilistic sensitivity analyses remained in the cost-effective quadrant (North American ICER < $100,000).


Targeting the high risk for RRS saves lives and is cost-effective under a wide range of inputs. These data are conservative as excluded are the indirect costs of treatment i.e. family/societal costs and increasing drug costs. Healthcare systems must ensure as close to 100% BGM / RRS rates as this saves the most lives,is cost efficacious and also saves money.

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study

Paul Hoskins.



Editorial Acknowledgement

not applicable


P. Hoskins: Advisory boards: AstraZeneca, Roche, Pfizer, Purdue. A. Ecclestone: Funding to do analysis for this paper: AstraZeneca. M. Hurry, M. Dyer: Employee: AstraZeneca.

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