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Poster display session

3481 - The prognostic role of gender and MGMT methylation status in glioblastoma patients: the female power


10 Sep 2017


Poster display session


Translational Research;  Central Nervous System Malignancies


Alicia Tosoni


Annals of Oncology (2017) 28 (suppl_5): v109-v121. 10.1093/annonc/mdx366


A. Tosoni1, E. Franceschi1, R. Depenni2, B. Urbini3, M. Faedi4, M. Michiara5, C. Biasini6, E. Giombelli7, G. Pavesi8, F. Zanelli9, M.A. Cavallo10, L. Tosatto11, A. Fioravanti12, E. Zunarelli13, G. Lanza14, D. Bartolini15, E.M. Silini16, A.A. Brandes1

Author affiliations

  • 1 Medical Oncology, Ausl / Irccs Institute Of Neurological Sciences, Bellaria Hospital, 40139 - Bologna/IT
  • 2 Department Of Oncology, Modena University Hospital, 41124 - Modena/IT
  • 3 Clinical Oncology Unit, St Anna University Hospital, Ferrara/IT
  • 4 Department Of Oncology And Hematology, Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori (IRST) - IRCCS, Cesena/IT
  • 5 Department Of Medical Oncology, University Hospital of Parma, Parma/IT
  • 6 Department Of Oncology And Hematology, Oncology Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera Guglielmo da Saliceto, Piacenza/IT
  • 7 Neurosurgery, Hospital and University of Parma, Parma/IT
  • 8 Department Of Neurosurgery, Ospedale S. Agostino-Estense, Modena/IT
  • 9 Department Of Medical Oncology, Azienda Ospedaliera Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova - IRCCS, 42100 - Reggio Emilia/IT
  • 10 Department Of Neurosurgery, St Anna University Hospital, Ferrara/IT
  • 11 Neurosurgery, Bufalini Hospital, Cesena/IT
  • 12 Neurosurgery, Ausl / Irccs Institute Of Neurological Sciences, Bellaria Hospital, 40139 - Bologna/IT
  • 13 Department Of Pathology, University Hospital, Modena, Modena/IT
  • 14 Department Of Pathology, S. Anna University Hospital and University of Ferrara, Ferrara/IT
  • 15 Department Of Pathology, Bufalini Hospital, Cesena/IT
  • 16 Departments Of Pathology, University Hospital, Parma, Parma/IT


Abstract 3481


Glioblastoma (GBM) remains an incurable disease. Radiotherapy and temozolomide are the backbone of the treatment. Clinical and molecular factors are essential to define prognosis.


Data on all new cases of primary brain tumors observed from January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2010, in adults residing within the Emilia-Romagna region were recorded in a prospective registry in the Project of Emilia Romagna on Neuro-Oncology (PERNO). We perform a prospective evaluation about prognostic factors in GBM patients treated with temozolomide concurrent with and adjuvant to radiotherapy.


One hundred sixty-nine GBM patients (median age, 60 years; range 29 – 82) were prospectively evaluated. MGMT methylation status was available in 140 patients. Combining gender and MGMT methylation status we obtained four groups of patients: 36 male pts with methylated MGMT (25.7%), 47 male pts with unmethylated MGMT (33.6%), 32 female pts with methylated MGMT (22.9%), 25 female pts with unmethylated MGMT (17.9%). Results of univariate analysis are summarized in the Table. Overall survival (OS) was significantly different between methylated male and methylated female (p = 0.028), methylated male and unmethylated female (p = 0.031), unmethylated male and methylated female (p = 0.002), methylated female and unmethylated female (p 


The median overall survival is consistently higher for female pts with methylated MGMT, treated with temozolomide concurrent with and adjuvant to radiotherapy. When considered simultaneously with MGMT methylation status, gender might impact on clinical outcome and should be considered as a prognostic factor.

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study





All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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