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Poster display session

1782 - Risk of second malignancies after definitive therapy for esophageal cancer: a competing risk analysis

Date

09 Sep 2017

Session

Poster display session

Topics

Supportive Care and Symptom Management;  Therapy;  Oesophageal Cancer

Presenters

Seiichiro Mitani

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2017) 28 (suppl_5): v209-v268. 10.1093/annonc/mdx369

Authors

S. Mitani1, I. Oze2, S. Kadowaki1, T. Masuishi1, Y. Narita1, H. Taniguchi1, T. Ura1, M. Ando1, M. Tajika3, C. Makita4, T. Kodaira4, N. Uemura5, T. Abe5, K. Muro1

Author affiliations

  • 1 Department Of Clinical Oncology, Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, 464-8681 - Nagoya/JP
  • 2 Division Of Molecular And Clinical Epidemiology, Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute, 464-8681 - Nagoya/JP
  • 3 Department Of Endoscopy, Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, 464-8681 - Nagoya/JP
  • 4 Department Of Radiation Oncology, Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, 464-8681 - Nagoya/JP
  • 5 Department Of Gastroenterological Surgery, Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, 464-8681 - Nagoya/JP
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Resources

Abstract 1782

Background

Esophageal cancer (EC) is associated with synchronous or metachronous cancer at other primary sites. However, few studies have evaluated second malignancies after treatment. We aimed to clarify the frequencies and risk factors of second malignancies after definitive therapy for EC.

Methods

EC patients (pts) who received definitive therapy at Aichi Cancer Center Hospital between 2000 and 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. Exclusion criteria were synchronous cancer or a past cancer history. We used competing risks regression model, which defined death and the development of second malignancies as competing risk, to conduct risk analyses. Standardized incidence rate (SIR) was calculated using population-based cancer registry.

Results

A total of 758 pts were included. Patient characteristics were as follows: male, 84%; median age, 64 (range, 32–84) years; squamous cell carcinoma, 94%; upper-third/middle-third/lower-third, 19/49/31%; clinical stage 0–I/II/III/IV, 28/24/45/3%; alcohol consumption history, 87%; smoking history, 86%. Chemotherapy, surgery, radiotherapy and endoscopic therapy were performed in 579 (76%), 374 (49%), 349 (46%), and 107 (14%) pts, respectively. With a median follow-up of 3.7 years, a total of 131 second malignancies were observed in 106 patients (14%). Cumulative incidences of second malignancies after 5 years were 7.6%. SIR of the patients was 1.83 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.50–2.22]. Most common primary tumor sites were head and neck (20%), followed by lung (17%), stomach (16%), and colon and rectum (11%). Risk analyses revealed that age ≥ 65 [subdistribution hazard ratio (sHR): 1.51, 95% CI: 1.01–2.24, vs.

Conclusions

EC pts are at a high risk of second malignancies after definitive treatment. Careful follow-up is required, especially in elderly pts or pts with early-stage.

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study

Aichi Prefecture

Funding

None

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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