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Poster display session

2130 - Randomized phase 2 trial of peri- or post-operative chemotherapy in resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma

Date

09 Sep 2017

Session

Poster display session

Topics

Cytotoxic Therapy;  Pancreatic Cancer

Presenters

Michele Reni

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2017) 28 (suppl_5): v209-v268. 10.1093/annonc/mdx369

Authors

M. Reni1, S. Zanon1, G. Balzano2, R. Castoldi2, A. Zerbi3, M.C. Tronconi4, D. Pinelli5, S. Mosconi6, C. Doglioni7, M. Falconi2, L. Gianni1

Author affiliations

  • 1 Medical Oncology, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, 20132 - Milan/IT
  • 2 Surgery, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, 20132 - Milan/IT
  • 3 Pancreatic Surgery, Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, 20089 - Rozzano/IT
  • 4 Cancer Center, Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, 20089 - Rozzano/IT
  • 5 Surgery, "Papa Giovanni XXIII" Hospital, 24127 - Bergamo/IT
  • 6 Oncology, "Papa Giovanni XXIII" Hospital, 24127 - Bergamo/IT
  • 7 Pathology, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, 20132 - Milan/IT
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Resources

Abstract 2130

Background

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has a remarkable trend to metastasize early. Accordingly, there is a strong rational to investigate preoperative chemotherapy in patients with resectable disease. We conducted a multicenter randomized phase 2 trial (PACT-15; NCT01150630) to assess the role of combination chemotherapy in perioperative setting.

Methods

Treatment-naïve patients with 18-75 yr, KPS>60 and pathologically confirmed stage 1-2 resectable PDAC were randomized to surgery followed by 6 cycles of adjuvant gemcitabine 1000 mg/m21,8,15q4w (arm A), or PEXG (cisplatin 30 mg/m2, epirubicin 30 mg/m2, and gemcitabine 800 mg/m2 1,15q4w and capecitabine 1250 mg/m2/day 1-28) (arm B), or to 3 cycles of PEXG before and 3 after surgery (arm C). The primary endpoint was 1-year event-free survival (EFS); the secondary endpoints were EFS, overall survival (OS), and the difference in pathological findings between arm A+B and arm C. With 24 eligible patients in each group (H0 20%, H1 40%, α 10%, β 20%), ≤16 events of 24 would support further evaluation of experimental therapy.

Results

Between September 2010 and April 2015, 88 eligible patients were randomized in 9 Italian centers (arm A: 26, B: 30, C: 32). Basal patients and tumor characteristics were well balanced across arms. One-year EFS (A, B, C) was 6/26 (23%), 15/30 (50%), 23/32 (72%). Median EFS was 4.8, 12.4, 18.9 months (A vs C p=0.002). Three-year OS (A,B,C) was 35%, 42%, 55%. Median OS (A,B,C) was 20.4, 25.1, not reached at 33 months (A vs C p = 0.022). Pathological results are summarized in the table. Treatment safety profile was good.Table:

736P Pathological findings

A+BC
Enrolled5632
T resection49 (88%)27 (84%)
Intraoperative metasteses7/56 (13%)2/32 (6%)
Postoperative metastases10/56 (18%)3/32 (9%)
Grade 329/49 (59%)6/27 (22%)
T12/49 (4%)4/27 (15%)
No13/49 (27%)13/27 (48%)
Ro16/49 (33%)15/27 (56%)
Median size2.5 cm2.0 cm

Conclusions

Patients receiving perioperative chemotherapy had significant improvement of EFS and OS as compared to those receiving adjuvant treatment. This trial provides the strongest piece of evidence currently available in favor of preoperative chemotherapy in resectable PDAC.

Clinical trial identification

NCT01150630

Legal entity responsible for the study

IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy

Funding

IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy

Disclosure

M. Reni: Funding from Celgene, Baxalta, Helsinn, and Merck-Serono; consultant or advisor for Celgene, Baxalta, Merck Serono, Boheringer, Lilly, Pfizer, AstraZeneca, Novocure, Genentech, Halozyme, Novartis. G. Balzano: Advisory role for Celgene. M. Falconi: Research funding to institution from Novartis. L. Gianni: Consulting/advisory role for Roche, Pfizer, GlaxoSmithKline, Synthon, Taiho Pharmaceutical, AstraZeneca, Genomic Health, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Boehringer Ingelheim, Tiziana Pharma, Synaffix, Celgene; patents/royalties/intellectual property with Roche. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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