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Endocrine and neuroendocrine tumours

3074 - Impact of Duration of Dose Interruption on the Efficacy of Lenvatinib (LEN) in a Phase 3 Study in Patients (pts) With Radioiodine Refractory Differentiated Thyroid Cancer (RR-DTC)

Date

11 Sep 2017

Session

Endocrine and neuroendocrine tumours

Topics

Cytotoxic Therapy;  Thyroid Cancer

Presenters

Makoto Tahara

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2017) 28 (suppl_5): v142-v157. 10.1093/annonc/mdx368

Authors

M. Tahara1, M.S. Brose2, L. Wirth3, T. Suzuki4, K. Fujino4, N. Batty5, C. Dutcus6, A. Gianoukakis7

Author affiliations

  • 1 Division Of Head And Neck Medical Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital East, 277-8577 - Kashiwa/JP
  • 2 The Thyroid Cancer Therapeutics Program Department Of Otorhinolaryngology: Head And Neck Surgery, Abramson Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania, 19104 - Philadelphia/US
  • 3 Hematology/oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard University, 2114 - Boston/US
  • 4 Eisai Co., Ltd, Tokyo/JP
  • 5 Eisai, Inc, Woodcliff Lake/US
  • 6 Eisai, Inc, NJ 07677 - Woodcliff Lake/US
  • 7 Endocrinology Fellowship Program, UCLA School of Medicine, Torrance/US
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Resources

Abstract 3074

Background

LEN prolonged progression-free survival (PFS) in pts with RR-DTC in the SELECT trial, and efficacy was maintained in all subgroups. Toxicity was manageable with dose modifications, but whether a longer period of dose interruption might impact the efficacy of LEN was unclear.

Methods

In SELECT, pts were randomized 2:1 to receive LEN 24 mg/day or placebo. Pts assigned to LEN were divided into 2 groups: pts with duration of dose interruption

Results

Of 261 LEN-treated pts, there were 134 in group A and 127 in group B. Differences in pt characteristics between groups (A and B) were, respectively: age (>65 years, 33% and 49%), race (Asian, 10% and 25%), and ECOG performance status (0, 64% and 46%). Median duration of dose interruption was 19 days (range: 0–63) and 61 days (range: 2–266) in groups A and B, respectively. Median PFS was not reached (hazard ratio [HR] to placebo: 0.14; 95% CI: 0.09–0.20, P 

Conclusions

Longer duration of dose interruption may negatively affect the potential efficacy of LEN. Management of toxicities is essential to avoid long dose interruption. Differences in pt characteristics might confound the results. However, in this analysis LEN achieved improved PFS and ORR compared to placebo, regardless of length of dose interruption.

Clinical trial identification

NCT01321554

Legal entity responsible for the study

Eisai Inc

Funding

Eisai Inc

Disclosure

M. Tahara: Grants and personal fees from Eisai during the conduct of the study and personal fees from Merck Serono, BMS, and Bayer outside the submitted work. M.S. Brose: Grants from Eisai during the conduct of the study. Grants and personal fees from Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals, Exelixis, and Onyx. Grants from Novartis and Roche/Genentech outside the submitted work. L. Wirth: Personal fees from Eisai and Novartis outside the submitted work. T. Suzuki, K. Fujino: Employee of Eisai Co., Ltd. N. Batty, C. Dutcus: Employee of Eisai Inc. A. Gianoukakis: Grants and nonfinancial support from Eisai during the conduct of the study.

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