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Poster display session

3462 - Clinical features and outcomes of reversible posterior encephalopathy syndrome following bevacizumab treatment

Date

10 Sep 2017

Session

Poster display session

Topics

Cytotoxic Therapy;  Cancers in Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA);  Supportive Care and Symptom Management

Presenters

Mitsuhiko Iwamoto

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2017) 28 (suppl_5): v502-v506. 10.1093/annonc/mdx383

Authors

M. Iwamoto, H. Fujioka, K. Kimura, K. Uchiyama, R. Terasawa

Author affiliations

  • Breast Surgery, Osaka Medical College, 5698686 - Osaka/JP
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Resources

Abstract 3462

Background

Reversible posterior leukoenchephalopathy syndrome (RPLS), also known as Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a distinct clinicoradiological entity characterized by a constellation of clinical features, and a potentially devastating complication of bevacizumab treatment.

Methods

Patients were identified from the published literature using ‘PubMed’ databases using the terms ‘bevacizumab’ or ‘RPLS’ and ‘RPES’ from January 2006 to December 2016, who developed RPLS (RPES) features within 3 weeks of bevacizumab treatment, who had brain imaging findings of focal vasogenic edema and radiologic proof of reversibility.

Results

To date, a total of 22 cases of RPLS (PRES) following the administration of bevacizumab have been reported in the literature. The mean age at presentation of these patients was 50 years (range 34–74 years), 6 of whom were male and 14 female. Headaches (n = 11), seizures (n =10), visual disturbances (n = 9) and nausea and vomiting (n = 8) were the common presenting symptoms. In a majority of patients, an increase in blood pressure from their baseline values was observed during their hospitalization. RPLS occurred in 3 patients who received bevacizumab as monotherapy and the rest had received bevacizumab in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents (oxaliplatin, n = 8; fluorouracil, n = 6; leucovorin, n = 5; gemcitabine, n = 3; paclitaxel, n = 3; capecitabine, n = 3; doxorubicin, n = 2; carboplatin, n = 2; and irinotecan, n = 1). In 20 out of 22 patients, PRES resolved following withdrawal of bevacizumab and strict control of blood pressure. 3 patients also received prednisolone and mannitol as part of their treatment for RPLS. However, 2 out of 22 patients could not recover from severe coma, and died.

Conclusions

A high level of suspicion for RPLS is advisable in patients who develop headache, seizures, visual disturbances, during bevacizumab treatment, either as monotherapy or in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents. These data support the need for close vigilance of neurological features and blood pressure monitoring of patients undergoing bevacizumab treatment. Prompt withdrawal of bevacizumab and blood pressure control appear to portend favorable outcomes in these patients.

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study

OMC-BC

Funding

None

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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