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Poster display session

3869 - A Phase 1/2 trial of intratumoral (i.t.) IMO-2125 (IMO) in combination with checkpoint inhibitors (CPI) in PD-(L)1-refractory melanoma


10 Sep 2017


Poster display session


Cancers in Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA);  Immunotherapy;  Melanoma


Adi Diab


Annals of Oncology (2017) 28 (suppl_5): v403-v427. 10.1093/annonc/mdx376


A. Diab1, C. Haymaker2, M. Uemura2, R. Murthy3, M. James4, J. Geib5, M. Cornfeld5, S. Swann5, C. Yee4, J. Wargo4, R. Amaria4, S. Patel4, H. Tawbi4, I. Glitza4, S. Woodman4, W. Hwu4, M.A. Davies4, W. Overwijk4, C. Bernatchez2, P. Hwu6

Author affiliations

  • 1 Medical Oncology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, 77030-4095 - Houston/US
  • 2 Melanoma Medical Oncology - Research, MD Anderson Cancer Center, 77030-4095 - Houston/US
  • 3 Interventional Radiology Department, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 77030 - Houston/US
  • 4 Department Of Melanoma Medical Oncology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, 77030-4095 - Houston/US
  • 5 Clinical Science, Idera Pharmaceuticals, 19341 - Exton/US
  • 6 Medical Oncology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, 77030 - Houston/US


Abstract 3869


CPI have transformed melanoma treatment, however many patients remain refractory and subsequent treatment options are limited. IMO, a Toll-like receptor 9 agonist, may improve response to CPI by activating innate and adaptive immune responses to overcome immune escape. Initial clinical experience with IMO + ipi is promising (Uemera, ASCO-SITC 2017). Dose-finding is now complete and is the basis for this updated report.


Adults with unresectable or metastatic melanoma refractory to a PD-(L)1 inhibitor are eligible if they have tumor accessible to biopsy. IMO is administered i.t. to a single tumor at escalating doses during weeks 1,2,3,5,8, and 11 along with ipi or pem per the product label. The primary endpoint of Phase 1 is safety and for Phase 2 is overall response rate using a 2-stage design. Serial biopsies are obtained from both the injected and a non-injected lesion for immune analysis.


A total of 22 subjects have been treated with either IMO-ipi (N = 18) or IMO-pem (N = 4) and dose-escalation is now complete for the IMO-ipi arm. Dose-limiting toxicities have not been reported. Immune-related AE were observed in 4 IMO-ipi subjects [hypophysitis (N = 2), hepatitis (1), colitis (1)]. These responded well to standard measures. Of 9 patients treated at the RP2D of 8mg, 6 have experienced clinical benefit (1CR, 1PR, 1uPR, 3 SD). Biopsies show maturation of the mDC1 subset (CD1c+CD303-), upregulation of PD-L1 by malignant cells, and an IFNα response gene signature. Biopsies of uninjected tumors show expression of CD56+ and Ki67+ effector CD8+T cells in responding patients, indicative of an abscopal effect. Phase 2 accrual using the 8 mg IMO dose is ongoing.


IMO + ipi is a viable strategy to revive the immune response in CPI-resistant tumors and shows preliminary clinical activity worthy of further development.

Clinical trial identification


Legal entity responsible for the study

Idera Pharmaceuticals


Idera Pharmaceuticals


J. Geib, S. Swann: Employment by Idera Pharmaceuticals. M. Cornfeld: Employment at Idera Pharmaceuticals. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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