Chemotherapy (CTx) is a cornerstone in HR+/HER2- advanced/metastatic breast cancer (a/mBC) after endocrine failure. In this indication, vinorelbine (VRL) is a well-established cytotoxic drug. There is a high medical need for new options that prolong the time between endocrine failure and intensive CTx, which is commonly associated with impaired quality of life and serious side effects. Metronomic CTx was shown to induce disease control in a/mBC with a favorable safety profile. This innovative approach involving continuous daily dosing of oral VRL, which could provide anti-angiogenic and immune-modulatory properties, has not been investigated so far in this indication.
VinoMetro is an open-label, single-arm, phase II study (Simon two-stage minimax) of metronomic daily oral VRL (30 mg/day) as first-line CTx. The study involves strict safety monitoring with an initial safety run-in. It is accompanied by a steering committee and supervised by an independent monitoring board. The main objectives are to estimate efficacy in terms of clinical benefit rate after 24 weeks of treatment (primary endpoint) and the progression-free survival, amongst others, as well as the assessment of safety and quality of life. Patients with HR+/HER2- a/mBC having failed or being no candidate for endocrine therapy (targeted combinations allowed) and being naïve to palliative CTx are eligible, if they exhibit ECOG 0-1. The main exclusion criteria are prior vinca-alkaloids, aggressive disease requiring combination CTx and CNS involvement. Until 2017-04-30, 5 patients were enrolled. It is planned to include 45 (39 evaluable) patients at 8 German sites until 09/2018. Scheduled completion date is 09/2019. Two interim analyses are planned (first analysis: safety evaluation based on the 10 initial patients with predefined stopping rules). VinoMetro is an investigator initiated trial (NCT03007992) sponsored by the University Medical Centre of Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Germany, and supported by an unrestricted grant provided by Pierre Fabre Pharma GmbH (Freiburg, Germany).
Clinical trial identification
Legal entity responsible for the study
University Medical Centre of Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Germany
Pierre Fabre Pharma GmbH, Freiburg, Germany
T. Elger, M. Seehase, L. Schollenberger, C. Ruckes, M. Schmidt: Unrestricted study grant for VinoMetro provided by Pierre Fabre Pharma GmbH (Freiburg, Germany). All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.