A study of the levels of emotional distress in patients during diagnostics and hospitalization was conducted at Petrov Oncology Scientific Research Institute in 2016. The work presented analyzes the results of the study of emotional distress in oncology patients. Groups of oncology patients, who most acutely require professional psychological aid, have been allocated.
The study is based on the modified distress self-evaluation method of International Psycho-Oncology Society (IPOS).
4,113 patients have been studied in total, of them 2,113 at the stage of diagnosis and 2,000 during hospitalization. The percentage of outpatients who report an abnormal anxiety level on the self-evaluation scale is distributed among nosology as follows: breast – 22%, gynecology – 18%, urology – 16%, unspecified diagnosis – 13%, digestive tract – 11%, lungs – 7%, soft tissue and skin tumors – 5%, and bones – 3%. The analysis of the data distribution between in-patient departments has shown that, among the patients reporting abnormal anxiety levels, 21% are hospitalized in the breast tumors department, 16% in the gynecology department, 10% in the head and neck tumors department, 9% in the radiology department, while the chemotherapy, thoracal surgery and urology departments admit 8% each, 6% are in the oncohematological department, and 5% are in the general oncology department during hospitalization.
More than 40% of oncology patients experience abnormal anxiety levels related to the disease, the treatment and related changes in lifestyle. The majority of patients who describe their anxiety as abnormal have breast cancer.
Clinical trial identification
Legal entity responsible for the study
All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.