The diagnosis of cancer can motivate survivors to modify lifestyles, typically involving diet and physical activity. Few data have reported pre- and post-diagnostic lifestyle habits in Chinese population.
In an on-going prospective cohort study which involved 1462 Chinese women with early-stage breast cancer, we evaluated dietary intake and lifestyle factors pre- and post- breast cancer diagnosis. Validated food frequency questionnaires were used to evaluate dietary intake. Leisure time physical activity was measured by a modified Chinese Baecke questionnaire. This report compared changes of dietary intake and physical activity between 12 months before and 18 months after diagnosis of breast cancer.
Intake of whole grains, refined grains, fruits, vegetables, eggs, and nuts increased significantly post-diagnosis (Range, 54%-72% increase; P
In this cohort study, Chinese breast cancer patients reported significant changes in dietary intake and increased physical activity level and a higher proportion met the WCRF/AICR Cancer Prevention recommendations after cancer diagnosis. These findings provided crucial information on lifestyle behaviors in Chinese breast cancer survivors, and provided information to healthcare professionals on survivors’ health and quality of life.
Clinical trial identification
Legal entity responsible for the study
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
World Cancer Research Fund International (Grant Number WCRF 2010/249 and WCRF 2014/1197).
All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.