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Poster display session

3934 - Previous palliative care encounter is associated with lower total hospital charge and shorter length of stay in patients with metastatic cancer

Date

10 Sep 2017

Session

Poster display session

Presenters

Yuzhou Liu

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2017) 28 (suppl_5): v497-v501. 10.1093/annonc/mdx382

Authors

Y. Liu

Author affiliations

  • Medicine, Mount Sinai St Luke's and Roosevelt Hospital, 10025 - New York/US
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Resources

Abstract 3934

Background

Patients with metastatic cancer require substantial heath care resources. Palliative care has been increasingly recognized for improvement of quality of life and reducing healthcare costs. Here, we examined the effect of prior palliative care encounters on the total hospital charges (TOTCHG) and length of stay (LOS) during the subsequent hospitalization.

Methods

We used National Inpatient Sample (NIS) 2014 to extract data for patients non-electively hospitalized with corresponding ICD9 code of previous palliative care visit (ICD9 code V667) and metastatic cancer. NIS is a nationally representative survey of hospitalizations conducted by Heathcare Cost and Utilization project. It represents 20% of all hospital data in the US. Univariate regression screening (threshold P > 0.1) and hybrid selection were used to create multivariate regression models. Relationship between TOTCHG and previous palliative care encounter as well as LOS and previous palliative care encounter were analyzed by using established models.

Results

A total number of 136591 patients admitted non-electively with metastatic cancer was identified among which 24736 had been coded for previous palliative care encounter. Teaching hospital admission, rural hospital admission, self-pay, increased age and increased Charlson score were associated with higher rate of previous palliative encounter. The multivariate regression model for LOS and previous palliative care visit were adjusted for survival outcome, number of procedures during hospitalization, number of previous chronic conditions, and number of the diagnosis during hospitalization. The model for TOTCHG and previous palliative care visit were adjusted for survival outcome, number of procedures and length of stay. We found that previous palliative care encounter was associated with both lower total hospital charge (P 

Conclusions

Prior palliative care visit has been associated with decreased length of stay and total hospital charges. Future studies are needed to determine if early outpatient palliative care encounter will especially benefit patients with certain tumor types.

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study

Yuzhou Liu

Funding

None

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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