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Poster display session

4124 - Abemaciclib plus fulvestrant in patients (pts) with HR+/HER2- endocrine therapy naïve (EN) advanced breast cancer - an exploratory analysis of MONARCH 2


11 Sep 2017


Poster display session


Peter Kaufman


Annals of Oncology (2017) 28 (suppl_5): v74-v108. 10.1093/annonc/mdx365


P.A. Kaufman1, H. Iwata2, P. Nikolinakos3, J.T. Beck4, H. Koh5, J.L. Gonzalez-Trujillo6, Y. Lin7, S. Barriga8, D. Headley9, N. Bourayou10, A. Llombart Cussac11, G.W. Sledge Jr.12

Author affiliations

  • 1 Medicine, Section Of Oncology, Norris Cotton Cancer Center Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, 03756 - Lebanon/US
  • 2 Breast Oncology, Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, 467-8681 - Nagoya/JP
  • 3 Hematology And Medical Oncology, University Cancer & Blood Center, LLC, 30607 - Athens/US
  • 4 Department Of Medicine, Highland Oncology Group, 72703 - Fayetteville/US
  • 5 Department Of Medical Oncology, Kaiser Permanente Medical Group, Bellflower/US
  • 6 Oncology, Fundacion Rodolfo Padilla AC, Leon Guanajuato/MX
  • 7 Global Statistical Sciences, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis/US
  • 8 Oncology Clinical Development, Eli Lilly and Company, Madrid/ES
  • 9 Oncology Clinical Development, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis/US
  • 10 Oncology Clinical Development, Eli Lilly and Company, Paris/FR
  • 11 Medical Oncology Service, Hospital Arnau Vilanova, Valencia/ES
  • 12 Department Of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford/US


Abstract 4124


MONARCH 2 demonstrated that the addition of abemaciclib, dosed on a continuous schedule at 150 mg twice daily, to fulvestrant (F) significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) and objective response rate (ORR) compared to placebo (P) plus F (PFS hazard ratio [HR], 0.553, P


Pts were randomized 2:1 to receive abemaciclib or P + F (500 mg, per label). Pre/perimenopausal women received a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist. Pts were not allowed to have had chemotherapy in the advanced setting. Pts were stratified by metastatic site (visceral, bone only, other). The primary endpoint for this analysis was investigator-assessed PFS which was described using the Kaplan-Meier method and a Cox model.


Forty-four EN pts were randomized to abemaciclib + F (N = 28) or P + F (N = 16). 46% of pts presented with visceral disease, 77% with measurable disease, and 82% were postmenopausal. At the time of the analysis, 18 pts were still on treatment (13 [46.4%] in the abemaciclib + F arm and 5 [31.3%] in the P + F arm). 18 PFS events were observed (9 [32.1%] in the abemaciclib + F arm and 9 [56.3%] in the P + F arm). The median PFS had not been reached in the abemaciclib + F arm and was 23.1 months in the P + F arm (stratified HR, 0.454; 95% CI: 0.179, 1.154). The ORR in pts with measurable disease was 60.0% (5% complete response [CR]) in the abemaciclib + F arm and 57.1% (0% CR) in the P + F arm. The most common adverse events were diarrhea, nausea, fatigue, and neutropenia. Diarrhea generally occurred in the early cycles and was managed with dose adjustment and conventional anti-diarrheal medication.


In this exploratory cohort of EN pts, the addition of abemaciclib to fulvestrant demonstrated a comparable increase in PFS and consistent safety results to those observed in the ITT population in MONARCH 2.

Clinical trial identification


Legal entity responsible for the study

Eli Lilly and Company


Eli Lilly and Company


P.A. Kaufman: Consulting/Advisory: Galena Biopharma, Amgen; Research Funding: Eli Lilly and Company. P. Nikolinakos: Advisory board: AstraZeneca. J.T. Beck: My institution receives research grants as part of this study. J.L. Gonzalez-Trujillo: Contract with Lilly, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Roche, Pierre Fabre, Astra for make a corporate-sponsored research. Advisory board for Bristol-Myers Squibb, MSL, Novartis. Speaker for Bristol-Myers Squibb, Novartis. Y. Lin, N. Bourayou: Employment and Stock Ownership: Eli Lilly and Company. S. Barriga: Employment Eli Lilly and Company. D. Headley: Employment and Stock Ownership: Eli Lilly and Company; Stock Ownership: AstraZeneca. A. Llombart Cussac: Honoraria: Roche, Novartis, Pfizer; Consulting/Advisory: Roche, AstraZeneca, Eli Lilly and Company; Research funding: Pfizer, Roche; Travel funds: Roche, Celgene. G.W. Sledge Jr.: Leadership, Stock: Syndax; Honoraria: Symphogen; Consulting/Advisory: Symphogen, Coherus Biosciences, Radius Health, Peregrine Pharmaceuticals, Taiho Pharmaceutical; Research Funding: Roche (Inst); Travel funds: Nektar, Radius Health, Taiho Pharmaceutical. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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