Small cell lung carcinoma harbors targetable alterations including MYCL1 fusions responding to aurora kinase inhibitor

Date

07 Oct 2016

Session

Non-metastatic NSCLC and other thoracic malignancies

Presenters

Siraj Ali

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2016) 27 (6): 493-496. 10.1093/annonc/mdw389

Authors

S. Ali1, B. Kolla2, M. Bailey1, A.B. Schrock3, S.J. Klempner4, D.A. Fabrizio5, D.A. Fabrizio6, S.I. Ou7, J. He8, J. Suh9, J.S. Ross10, P. Stephens11, V. Miller1, M. Patel12

Author affiliations

  • 1 Clinical Development, Foundation Medicine, Inc., 02141 - Cambridge/US
  • 2 Internal Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis/US
  • 3 Clinical Development, Foundation Medicine, Inc., Cambridge/US
  • 4 Medical Oncology, The Angeles Clinic and Research Institute, 90025 - Los Angeles/US
  • 5 Research & Development, Foundation Medicine, Inc., Cambridge/US
  • 6 Research And Development, Foundation Medicine, 02141 - Cambridge/US
  • 7 Department Of Medicine, Division Of Hematology Oncology, UC Irvine School of Medicine, Irvine/US
  • 8 Clinical Genomics, Foundation Medicine, Inc., 02141 - Cambridge/US
  • 9 Pathology, Foundation Medicine, Inc., 02141 - Cambridge/US
  • 10 Pathology, Albany Medical Center, 12208 - Albany/US
  • 11 Research And Development, Foundation Medicine, Inc, Cambridge/US
  • 12 Medical Oncology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis/US
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Background

Although there is a high ORR to platin/etoposide, small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) patients inevitably recur, and second line topotecan has only a 20% ORR. Identification of genomic alterations beyond the canonically mutated TP53/RB1 may provide avenues to benefit from targeted therapy.

Methods

689 SCLC cases were assayed with hybrid-capture based comprehensive genomic profiling (CGP) in the course of clinical care to identify all four classes of genomic alterations (GA), base substitutions, short insertions/deletions, copy number alterations, and fusions to suggest possible benefit from targeted therapy.

Results

The median patient age was 62 years, and the male:female ratio is 1:1. The commonly altered genes are TP53 (91%), RB (68%), MLL2 (13%), LRP1B (11%), RICTOR (11%) and FGF10 (9%). MYCL1 amplification was identified in 53 cases, as were 6 MYCL1 fusions (MYCL1-COL9A2, MYCL1-MSRB2, MYCL1-PABPC4, MYCL1-MACF1, MYCL1-JAZF1, and one with indeterminate partner) all of which arise from inter-chromosomal rearrangements. Other rearrangements of cancer relevant genes include three cases of c-MYC rearrangements co-occurring with MYC amplification, three cases of RICTOR rearrangements, and one case each of BRD4-NOTCH3 and EML4-ALK were all identified. A never smoker 46 yo male was diagnosed with SCLC, which was identified as harboring MYCL1-JAZF1 on CGP and had a 18 month near complete response to alisertib, after failing three previous lines of chemotherapy.

Conclusions

Beyond the intra-chromosomal RLF1-MYCL1 fusion first identified in 1991, we identify 6 novel MYCL1 fusions. Such fusions may be still more prevalent as the CGP assay identified these without focused coverage of the recurrent breakpoint in MYCL1 intron 1. Given the response of the index patient to an investigational aurora kinase inhibitor, alisertib, which is hypothesized to target MYCL downstream pathways, further focused investigation of MYCL1 fusions and other fusions in SCLC to assess possible functions as oncogenic drivers is warranted.

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study

Siraj Ali

Funding

N/A

Disclosure

S. Ali, M. Bailey, A.B. Schrock, G.M. Frampton, D.A. Fabrizio, J. He, J. Suh, J.S. Ross, P. Stephens, V. Miller: Employee of and equity interest in foundation medicine inc. S.J. Klempner: Speaker for foundation medicine inc. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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