The tribal populations throughout India have remained socially and culturally alienated from mainstream Indian society until developmental and conservation activities in tribal areas forced interactions between them. Precancerous oral lesion is a major public health problem among South Indian tribes in Kerala state. The aim of this study was to explore oral health disparities among the underprivileged Paniya and the privileged Kurichiya tribes of Wayanad, South India from the Precancerous oral lesions perspective.
A cross sectional survey was done among 600 Kurichiya and 400 Paniya tribal populations of Wayanad District, India from January 2013 to June 2013 after approval from the Institutional ethical committee. A pretested structured questionnaire was used to collect data regarding study variables. Oral health survey form was used to record the oromucosal status of the study population after obtaining informed consent.
In this study Precancerous oral lesions was found to be far more prevalent among the underprivileged Paniyas than among the privileged Kurichiyas (P
Oral cancer and precancerous oral lesions were at a very high among underprivileged Paniya community.Prevalence of precancerous oral lesions in the study population was due to tobacco usage and alcohol consumption and lack of awareness regarding the deleterious effects of the products used. Regular oral examination by dental professionals, dental health education and motivation to maintain oral hygiene should be insisted to improve the oral health status of this community.
Clinical trial identification
Legal entity responsible for the study
Meethal Dental Clinic
All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.