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Opiophobia – knowledge, attitudes and concerns about opioid medicines among Polish society, cancer patients, families and professionals – the first wave of a survey

Date

09 Oct 2016

Session

Poster display

Presenters

Anna Kieszkowska-Grudny

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2016) 27 (6): 497-521. 10.1093/annonc/mdw390

Authors

A. Kieszkowska-Grudny1, J. Jarosz2, J. Grudny3, A. Siwy-Hudowska4, D. Jasinska2

Author affiliations

  • 1 The Psychotheraphy And Oncology Centre, Minds of Hope, 01-142 - Warsaw/PL
  • 2 The Mazovian Pain Treatment Cluster, The Oncological Hospice Foundation, Warsaw/PL
  • 3 Third Department Of Lung Diseases, National Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Warsaw/PL
  • 4 The Individual's Differences Department, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Warsaw/PL
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Resources

Abstract 955

Background

Opiophobia is one of the major issues limiting cancer and chronic pain treatment in Poland. This study is the first stage of national survey addressing the issue of opiophobia among professionals and others.

Methods

The study included a total of 1248 people, in that 141 doctors (age 24 to 84y; M = 44.29; SD = 13.28), 95 nurses (age 29 to 61y; M = 45.47; SD = 8.94), 167 cancer patients/pts (age 20 to 100y; M = 59.11; SD = 21.27), 131 members of pts families (age 16 to 99y; M = 52,15; SD = 19.85), 312 students (age from 18 to 56y; M = 24.55; SD = 5.41), and 402 others people (age 16 to 99y; M = 3.85;SD = 16.04), defined as a society. Internet or paper version of the questionnaires, which included 8 categories of questions for professionals, 4 for others, including: demographic, job experience with opioids, prescribed painkillers, knowledge about opioids, difficulties and concerns, etc.

Results

65-89% of study participants had experienced cancer in their family, but only 50% identified relatives suffering chronic pain. Despite each Polish physician having the right to prescribe opioid medicines, just 1/5 of them were convinced they have no rights to do this, and 1/3 had never applied to the NHF for special prescriptions for opioids. Approximately 70% of pysicians and 30% of nurses felt qualified in opioid treatment. Fentanyl and buprenorphine patches, as well as morphine tablets were most often the treatment option for chronic pain. Physicians (M = 14.02; max = 20; p 

Conclusions

Opiophobia is still a big problem among professionals and nonprofessionals in Poland. However, doctors and nurses are qualified to use these medicines on a daily basis, but they limit prescriptions fearing restrictions from the NHF under pressure from family and patient expectations.

Clinical trial identification

Not applicable.

Legal entity responsible for the study

Mossakowski Research Centre; Polish Academy of Sciences

Funding

Mossakowski Medical Research Centre; Polish Academy of Sciences

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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