Efficacy of amrubicin monotherapy after platinum chemotherapy for non-gastrointestinal extrapulmonary neuroendocrine carcinoma

Date

08 Oct 2016

Session

Poster Display

Presenters

Takahiro Ebata

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2016) 27 (6): 136-148. 10.1093/annonc/mdw369

Authors

T. Ebata1, T. Shimoi2, S. Bun3, M. Yunokawa4, K. Yonemori4, T. Ishiwata1, S. Iwasawa1, K. Tamura4, Y. Takiguchi1

Author affiliations

  • 1 Medical Oncology, Chiba University, School of Medicine, 2608677 - Chiba/JP
  • 2 Breast And Medical Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, 104-0045 - Tokyo/JP
  • 3 Pharmacy, National Cancer Center Hospital, 104-0045 - Tokyo/JP
  • 4 Breast And Medical Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, 1040045 - Tokyo/JP
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Background

NEC rarely arises in extra-pulmonary sites. Although chemotherapeutic regimens for small cell lung cancer (SCLC) are empirically administrated for unresectable extra-pulmonary NEC in the first-line setting, the 2nd line treatment is not established because of its rarity. Amrubicin has clinical relevance for platinum-refractory SCLC and gastrointestinal NEC. However, there is no data for non-gastrointestional extra-plumonary NEC.

Methods

In this retrospective study of two hospitals, eligible patients 1) had a definitive diagnosis of non-gastrointestinal extra-pulmonary NEC, 2) were refractory to platinum-based chemo, and 3) were treated between January 2008 and December 2014 with 4) amrubicin monotherapy at a dose of 40mg/m2 on days 1 to 3 every 3 weeks. The platinum-free interval was defined as the duration from the last day of platinum administration to the first progression.

Results

Fourteen eligible patients including 6 men (42.9%) were extracted with the median age of 62 years (range 43-86). Primary sites included genitourinary organs in 5, gynecological organs in 2, thymus in 2 and others. Results included ORR of 40%, median PFS and OS of 181 and 319 days respectively. Platinum-free interval over 90 days was a significant factor for favarable PFS (p = 0.0022). Grade 3/4 adverse events were neutropenia (80%) and febrile neutropenia (30%). Treatment related death was observed in one with febrile neutropenia.

Conclusions

Amrubicin showed modest efficacy for patients with platinum-refractory non-gastrointestinal extra-pulmonary NEC with modestly frequent adverse events.

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study

Chiba University

Funding

None

Disclosure

Y. Takiguchi: I received lecture fee by Nipponkayaku.

All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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