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Efficacy and safety data from patients with advanced squamous NSCLC and brain metastases participating in the nivolumab Expanded Access Programme (EAP) in Italy

Date

08 Oct 2016

Session

Poster Display

Presenters

Paolo Bidoli

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2016) 27 (6): 416-454. 10.1093/annonc/mdw383

Authors

P. Bidoli1, R. Chiari2, A. Catino3, F. Grossi4, C. Noberasco5, F. Gelsomino6, M. Gilli7, C. Proto8, H.J. Soto Parra9, M.R. Migliorino10, L. Bonomi11, D. Tassinari12, A. Frassoldati13, V. Albanese14, G.M. Fadda15, F. Cognetti16, F. de galitiis17, G. Finocchiaro18, A. Delmonte19

Author affiliations

  • 1 Oncology, Azienda Ospedaliera S. Gerardo U.O. Oncologia Medica, 20052 - Monza/IT
  • 2 Oncology, Azienda Ospedaliera di Perugia S. Maria della Misericordia, 06010 - Perugia/IT
  • 3 Oncology, Istituto Oncologico Bari, Bari/IT
  • 4 Oncology, IRCCS AOU San Martino - IST-Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, Genova/IT
  • 5 Oncology, Istituto Europeo di Oncologia, Milano/IT
  • 6 Oncology, Azienda ospedaliero-universitaria Policlinico Sant'Orsola Malpighi, Bologna/IT
  • 7 Oncology, Azienda Ospedaliera Dei Colli-Monaldi, Napoli/IT
  • 8 Oncology, Fondazione IRCCS - Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milano/IT
  • 9 Oncology, Azienda Policlinico Università di Catania, Catania/IT
  • 10 Oncology, Azienda Ospedaliera S. Camillo Forlanini, Roma/IT
  • 11 Oncology, Azienda Ospedaliera Papa Giovanni XXIII, Bergamo/IT
  • 12 Oncology, Ospedale Infermi, Rimini/IT
  • 13 Oncology, Università di Ferrara, Ferrara/IT
  • 14 Oncology, 14 Azienda Ospedaliera Ospedali Riuniti Villa Sofia, Palermo/IT
  • 15 Oncology, A.O.U di Sassari, Sassari/IT
  • 16 Oncology, Istituto Regina Elena, Roma/IT
  • 17 Oncology, A.O. Sant’Anna, Roma/IT
  • 18 Oncology, Humanitas Cancer Center, Milano/IT
  • 19 Oncology, Istituto Tumori della Romagna I.R.S.T., Meldola/IT
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Background

Brain metastases are a very common secondary localization of disease in patients (pts) with lung cancer. The prognosis of these pts is still poor and they are usually excluded from clinical trials. The EAP provided an opportunity to evaluate the feasibility of nivolumab treatment in this patient population outside of a controlled clinical trial in Italy.

Methods

Nivolumab was available upon physician request for pts aged ≥18 years with a diagnosis of squamous non-small cell lung cancer (Sq-NSCLC) who had relapsed after a minimum of one prior systemic treatment for stage IIIB/stage IV Sq-NSCLC. Nivolumab 3 mg/kg is administered intravenously every 2 weeks to a maximum of 24 months. Pts included in the analysis had received ≥ 1 dose of nivolumab and were monitored for adverse events using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events.

Results

Of 372 patients with Sq-NSCLC participating in the EAP in Italy, 38 (10.2%) had asymptomatic and controlled brain metastases. With a median number of doses 6 (range, 1–18) and a median follow-up of 4.5 months, the disease control rate was 47.3%, comprising 1 pt with a complete response, 6 patients with a partial response and 11 with stable disease. Four pts were treated beyond RECIST defined progression. As of April 2016, median progression-free survival and overall survival among patients with brain metastases were 5.5 months and 6.5 months, respectively. Among 38 pts, 21 pts (55.3%) discontinued treatment for any reason except toxicity; 1 out of 38 discontinued due to AE (2.6%).

Conclusions

These preliminary data show efficacy of nivolumab in patients with Sq-NSCLC with brain metastases, with safety results consistent to what already reported in previous studies, thus encouraging the use of nivolumab in this population with poor prognosis.

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study

ASST Monza

Funding

BMS

Disclosure

F. Grossi: Present on advisory board. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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