Correlation of longitudinal target-lesions size with progression-free (PFS) and overall-survival (OS) in 2nd line metastatic renal cell carcinoma: a retrospective analysis of AXIS trial

Date

09 Oct 2016

Session

Poster display

Presenters

Christophe Luhata Lungayo

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2016) 27 (6): 266-295. 10.1093/annonc/mdw373

Authors

C. Luhata Lungayo1, L. Fournier2, S. Oudard3, R.T. Elaidi4

Author affiliations

  • 1 Paris, ARTIC, 75015 Paris - Paris/FR
  • 2 Radiology, European Georges Pompidou Hospital, Paris/FR
  • 3 Medical Oncology Service, Hopital European George Pompidou, 75015 - Paris/FR
  • 4 Oncology, ARTIC, 75015 - PARIS/FR
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Background

OS and PFS are commonly correlated with response upon RECIST criteria. Whether a more dynamic approach considering overall and individual lesions trajectories may be of predictive/prognostic value is worth investigating.

Methods

Target lesions size (TL) from AXIS trial (NCT00678392: axitinib (A) vs sorafenib (S)) at baseline (bslTL) and subsequent time-points up to 24 months were retrospectively analyzed. TL were grouped by major organs. Relationship between OS/PFS and TL was assessed using mean-trajectories and joint-models (JM) with Cox/Weibull regression (C/W-R) including time to treatment interaction, with/without non-linear term. Mean trajectories obtained from unsupervised longitudinal clustering (ULC) were subject to C/W-R including S/A effect, age and IMDC risk group.

Results

Among 713 eligible pts (A:359, S:354), overall TL trajectories of A and S did not differ for the 1st 12 months, whereas individual TL trajectories strongly varied with TL localization: largest difference between A and S were observed for bone and liver, no difference for lungs. Upon ULC, 3 clusters exhibiting different patterns were characterized, cl1: bslTL ≈ 50mm not time-varying, cl2: bslTL ≈ 150mm + decreasing rate = 5mm/month and cl3: bslTL ≈ 250mm + decreasing rate = 15mm/month. Surprisingly, cluster 3 exhibited the better PFS: HR = 0.51 (0.31-0.82) and OS: HR = 0.54 (0.29-1.02). Upon JM, PFS and OS were associated with TL trajectories, respectively p = 0.0004 and p 

Conclusions

Unlike overall TL, individual TL different trajectories were exhibited by A and S. Our model identified 3 clusters with different predictive and prognostic characteristics.

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study

ARTIC

Funding

ARTIC

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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