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Poster display

2971 - Changes in alkaline phosphatase (ALP) dynamics and overall survival (OS) in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients treated with radium-223 in an international early access program (EAP)


09 Oct 2016


Poster display


Daniel Heinrich


Annals of Oncology (2016) 27 (6): 243-265. 10.1093/annonc/mdw372


D. Heinrich1, S. Gillessen2, A. Heidenreich3, D. Keizman4, J.M. O'Sullivan5, J. Carles6, M. Wirth7, K. Miller8, G. Procopio9, J. Gratt10, M. Seger-van Tol11, S. Nilsson12, F. Saad13

Author affiliations

  • 1 Department Of Oncology, Akershus University Hospital, 1478 - Lorenskog/NO
  • 2 Department Of Oncology/haematology, Kantonsspital St. Gallen, 9007 - St. Gallen/CH
  • 3 Department Of Urology, University Hospital Cologne, Köln/DE
  • 4 Genitourinary Oncology Service, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba/IL
  • 5 The Centre For Cancer Research And Cell Biology, Queen’s University Belfast, and the Northern Ireland Cancer Centre, Belfast/GB
  • 6 Department Of Oncology, Vall d`Hebron University Hospital Institut d'Oncologia, 08035 - Barcelona/ES
  • 7 Department Of Urology, University Hospital Carl-Gustav Carus, Dresden/DE
  • 8 Department Of Urology, Charité University Medicine Berlin, 10117 - Berlin/DE
  • 9 Oncologia Medica, Fondazione IRCCS - Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, 20133 - Milano/IT
  • 10 Biostatistics, Modular Informatics LLC, New York/US
  • 11 Pharmaceutical Division, Bayer, Whippany/US
  • 12 Department Of Oncology-pathology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm/SE
  • 13 Department Of Surgery, University of Montreal Hospital Center, QC H2X 0A9 - Montreal/CA


Abstract 2971


Identifying a reliable marker of efficacy for radium-223 dichloride (Ra-223) would aid in the clinical management of mCRPC patients (pts). In exploratory analyses of mCRPC pts with symptomatic bone metastases treated with Ra-223 in the ALSYMPCA trial, OS was significantly longer in pts with a confirmed decline in ALP levels from baseline at week 12, compared with pts without a confirmed ALP decline. Here, we present data on ALP dynamics and OS and time to first symptomatic skeletal event (SSE) in pts treated with Ra-223 in an international EAP.


This was a prospective single-arm phase IIIb study of CRPC pts with symptomatic or asymptomatic bone metastases (no visceral disease) recruited from 14 countries. Pts received Ra-223 50 kBq/kg (55 kBq/kg after NIST update) iv, every 4 weeks for up to 6 cycles. Co-primary endpoints were safety and OS. Exploratory analyses investigated whether a confirmed decline (any magnitude) in ALP levels was associated with OS and time to first SSE.


696 pts received at least one Ra-223 cycle. Of those, 398 (57%) pts had a confirmed decline in ALP and 298 (43%) had no confirmed ALP decline. Key baseline characteristics are shown (Table). More pts with a confirmed ALP decline (374, 94%) received 5–6 Ra-223 injections than those with no ALP decline (99, 33%). Hazard ratios (HR) for confirmed ALP decline at week 12 vs no decline suggest a strong association of ALP decline with both longer OS (HR 0.299, 95% CI 0.227–0.395) and longer time to first SSE (HR 0.474, 95% CI 0.340–0.662) (Table).

Confirmed ALP decline No confirmed ALP decline
N = 398 N = 298
Baseline characteristics
ECOG PS, n (%)
0 170 (43%) 91 (31%)
1 189 (47%) 159 (53%)
≥2 39 (10%) 48 (16%)
Paina, n (%) 380 287
Mild 217 (57%) 153 (53%)
Moderate-severe 79 (21%) 79 (28%)
None 84 (22%) 55 (19%)
ALP (U/L), n 398 296
Median 149.0 148.5
PSA (µg/L), n 398 295
Median 117.2 202.0
Hemoglobin, g/dL
Median 12.4 11.8
Efficacy outcome
Overall survival
Events, n (%) 86 (22%) 124 (42%)
Median, months NR 10.0
95% CI NA 8.6–11.5
Hazard ratiob 0.299
95% CI 0.227–0.395
Time to first SSE
Events, n (%) 76 (19%) 67 (22%)
Median, months 17.5 NR
95% CI 17.0–18.1 NA
Hazard ratiob 0.474
95% CI 0.340–0.662

NR/A, not reached/available. aMeasured from the brief pain inventory short form.bCalculated from Cox proportional hazards model.


In this EAP, which is relevant for pts currently treated in clinical practice, decline in ALP was associated with longer OS and time to first SSE.

Clinical trial identification

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01618370

Legal entity responsible for the study

Pharmaceutical Division of Bayer


Pharmaceutical Division of Bayer


D. Heinrich: Grant from Bayer, during the conduct of the study; personal fees from Bayer, Amgen, Astellas, Sanofi, and Johnson & Johnson, outside the submitted work.

S. Gillessen: Advisory Boards (compensated): Astellas, Bayer, Curevac, Dendreon, Janssen Cilag, Janssen Diagnostics, Millennium, Novartis, Orion Pharma, Pfizer, Sanofi Aventis. Speakers Bureau (without honorarium): Bayer. Pending patent application: WO 2009138392 A1.

A. Heidenreich: Grants and personal fees from Bayer during the conduct of the study; grants and personal fees from Astellas and Sanofi Aventis, personal fees from Amgen, Dendreon, Ferring, Hexal, IPSEN, Janssen-Cilag, Pfizer, and Takeda; outside the submitted work.

J.M. O'Sullivan: Advisory boards for: Bayer, Astellas, Sanofi.

J. Carles: Scientific advisory board membership/consultancy: Johnson & Johnson, Astellas, Bayer, Amgen, Pfizer, BMS; Speakers Bureau: Bayer, Johnson & Johnson.

M. Wirth: Personal fees from Apogepha, Astellas, Bayer, Janssen-Cilag, Merck, Roche, and Sanofi-Aventis outside the submitted work.

K. Miller: Advisory board membership: Bayer.

J. Gratt: Personal fees from Bayer Healthcare during the conduct of the study.

M. Serger-van Tol: Employment: Bayer.

S. Nilsson: Participated in Bayer Healthcare advisory boards and as speaker in scientific meetings.

F. Saad: Grants, personal fees and non-financial support from Bayer, Amgen, Janssen, and Astellas, during the conduct of the study.

All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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