LEA Study (GEICAM/2006-11/GBG51), is a randomized clinical trial comparing bevacizumab in combination with endocrine therapy (ET + B) with endocrine therapy (ET) in postmenopausal women with advanced or metastatic HR-positive/HER2-negative breast cancer (BC) with indication of hormonotherapy as first-line treatment. Patients with secondary hypertension had better progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). We have evaluated the role of two hypertension-related biomarkers, Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) and Small-Inducible Cytokine B10 (CXCL10) as prognostic and/or predictive biomarkers of benefit to bevacizumab in the first line metastatic disease.
From 380 patients, 266 were included in 33 Spanish sites. Median age was 64 years, 63.5% had measurable disease, 97.4% were metastatic at randomization, 51.5% had visceral disease and 52.6% received previous chemotherapy. PFS was 14.3 months (range 0.8-61.1), OS was 34 months (range 0.8-71.6) and 93 patients had Objective Response (OR). We analyzed 124 plasma samples collected before treatment (52 from ET and 72 from ET + B arms). Circulating levels of ACE and CXCL10 were determined by ELISA. ACE levels of 115ng/ml and 135ng/ml were pre-defined as cutoff values. CXCL10 was explored as a quantitative variable.
PFS was 15.1 months (range 1.4-61.1), OS was 31.1 months (range 2.8-61.1) and 40.3% had OR. OR was significantly different between treatment arms (p
ACE levels could be considered a prognostic and a bevacizumab predictive biomarker of PFS. CXCL10 could be prognostic of OS. Confirmatory studies are warranted.
Clinical trial identification
Legal entity responsible for the study
Spanish Breast Cancer Group (GEICAM) & Instituto Maimonides de Investigacion Biomedica, Cordoba
Instituto de Salud Carlos III
All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.