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A multicenter study of the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the incidence of pathologic complete response (pCR) among Saudi patients with locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) post neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCth)

Date

10 Oct 2016

Session

Poster display

Presenters

Ahmed Abdelwarith

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2016) 27 (6): 68-99. 10.1093/annonc/mdw365

Authors

A.M. Abdelwarith, K. Alsaleh, N. Abdelaziz, A. Ali, S. Elsamany, A. Rasmy, O. Elfarargy, S. Husain, A. Rikabi

Author affiliations

  • Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital King Saud University, pP O BOX 11472 RIYADH 7805 - Riyadh/SA
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Resources

Abstract 2811

Background

Obesity was reported as a poor prognostic factor for breast cancer. There is growing evidence of increasing prevalence of obesity among Saudi women (>44%). Since the prognostic significance of obesity was not studied in Saudi patients with breast cancer the aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of BMI on pCR in LABC patients post NCth.

Methods

Between May 2005 and July 2010, 246 consecutive patients with LABC from three tertiary care centers, (KKHUH– Riyadh, KAH / Mekka and KFSH/ Dammam, were included in this study. All patients have received NCth (Anthracycline based + Taxane based combination chemotherapy). Patients were categorized as normal (BMI 

Results

The median age was 50y (range 24-68), Molecular subtypes were as follows: luminal A 23.2%, luminal B 45.1%, triple negative 16.7%, Her-2 neu positive 15%. Eighty six (35 %) were stage II and 160 (65 %) were stage III. Intermediate and high grade malignancy were found in 52% and 44.3% of the patients respectively. Positive lymphovascular invasion was detected in 41.5% Obese patients constitutes 55.7% of our cohort Pathologic complete response was achieved in 62 patients (25.2%). In Univariate analysis LVI and overweight /obesity were negatively correlated with pCR (P= 0.037 and 0.000 respectively) while tumor grade was positively correlated (P = 0.008). In multivariate analysis, Overweight/ obesity was the only significant independent factor correlating with pCR (P = 0.000).

Conclusions

In this study, overweight / obesity (which represent more than half of the patients =55.7%) had a negative impact on pCR in Saudi patients with LABC treated with NCth. This poorer outcome in overweight / obese patients necessitates further prospective studies of this risk factor in order to optimize the care of this group of patients.

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study

King Khalid University Hospital

Funding

King Khalid University Hospital

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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