China is an esophageal cancer high incidence country, with more than 50% esophageal cancer case of the world. Screening and diagnosis of precancerous lesions and early stage cancer are main measures of decreasing incidence rate and mortality rate.
High-risk population (40-69 years old) in Cixian a high risk area of esophageal cancer was screened, and 3053 cases were included. They were devided into 3 groups: normal group, esophageal neoplasia low-level group and esophageal neoplasia high-level group, according to pathology and electronic gastroscope diagnosis. Diagnostic testing lingual information collection system (DS01-B) was used and tongue image were collected, including tongue color, coating color, fur character, tongue shape, local ecchymosis, et al. Difference of tongue image information was analyzed, related clinical variants were analyzed by multi-factor logistic regression.
Incidence of local ecchymosis in tongue image was 1.58% (45/2840) in normal group, 2.98% (4/134) in esophageal neoplasia low-level group and 6.32% (5/79)in esophageal neoplasia high-level group. Significant difference was found in 3 groups (P
Red tongue, tongue local ecchymosis, yellow and white coated tongue were risk factors for precancerous lesions and early stage esophageal cancer. Multi-factor (including tongue image information) logistic regression model has clinical value of prediction precancerous lesions and early stage esophageal cancer.
Clinical trial identification
Legal entity responsible for the study
China-Japan friendshop hospital
National “twelfth five”science and technology support plan
All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.