338P - Effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on the surgical treatment of patients with locally advanced breast cancer requiring initial mastectomy

Date 27 September 2014
Event ESMO 2014
Session Poster Display session
Topics Anticancer agents
Surgical oncology
Breast Cancer
Therapy
Biological therapy
Radiation oncology
Presenter Julie Antomarchi
Citation Annals of Oncology (2014) 25 (suppl_4): iv110-iv115. 10.1093/annonc/mdu328
Authors J. Antomarchi1, C. Cavrot1, E. Chamorey2, T. Ihrai1, B. Flipo1, I. Peyrottes3, P. Follana4, C. Chapellier5, J. Ferrero6, E. Barranger1
  • 1Surgical Oncology, Centre Antoine Lacassagne, 06189 - Nice Cedex/FR
  • 2Statistics, Centre Antoine Lacassagne, 06189 - Nice/FR
  • 3Pathology, Centre Antoine Lacassagne, 06189 - Nice Cedex /FR
  • 4Medical Oncology, Centre Antoine Lacassagne, 06189 - Nice Cedex /FR
  • 5Radiology, Centre Antoine Lacassagne, 06189 - Nice Cedex /FR
  • 6Departement D'oncologie Medicale, Centre Antoine Lacassagne, 06189 - Nice/FR

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to determine the rate of breast -onserving surgery (BCS) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (nCT) in patients initially thought suitable for mastectomy as the only conceivable surgical option.

Methods

This retrospective study was conducted in the Cancer Center Antoine Lacassagne in Nice (France). Between 2007 and 2012, 168 patients received nCT. We selected among those only the ones who received nCT (n = 119) in order to facilitate a conservative treatment's surgery (a radical treatment was the single option that could be initially proposed to these patients). Patients presenting with metastatic, inflammatory or multifocal tumors or the ones that could already be eligible for a conservative treatment without any nCT were excluded.

Results

Among the 119 patients included, 118 presented an invasive ductal carcinoma, a SBR grade 3 in 54.8% and triple negative breast tumor in 34.4%. The mean tumor size before nCT measured by MRI was 41.6 mm (15-110) and 25.3 mm (0-90) after nCT. Eighty-six of patients (72.3%) underwent a BCS. For 33.6% of these patients, an oncoplastic technique was used. Only 4.3% of the selected patients had to undergo an additional surgery due to insufficient surgical margins during the initial surgery. The median follow-up was 41.1 month (CI95%: 35.2-48.3). Five-years overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were 76% (CI95%: 65-89), 71% (CI95%: 61-82), respectively. The factors significantly affecting the eligibility to BCS were as follows: the MRI tumor's initial size with 34 mm (range: 15-100) for BCS versus 55 mm (range: 23-110) for mastectomy (p < 0.001), the MRI post-neoadjuvant chemotherapy tumor's size with 17 mm (range: 0-60) for BCS versus 33 mm (range: 0-90) for mastectomy (p < 0.001), radiological RECIST responses to tumor treatment (p < 0.001). Five-years-OS were 77% (CI95%: 63-92) for BCS versus 77% (CI95%: 63-95) for mastectomy (not significant) and 5 years-DFS were 74% (CI95%: 64-86) for BCS versus 59% (CI95%: 40-89) for mastectomy (not significant).

Conclusions

nCT for patients with “chemosensitive” breast tumor leads to a significant “mastectomy to BCS” conversion's rate. The type of surgery does not seem to affect the patient's OS and DFS. Oncoplastic procedures allow expandion of patient eligibility for BCS after nCT.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.