40P - Effect of ABCB1 and SLC22A16 genes polymorphism in outbreak of doxorubicin-based chemotherapy-induced grade 3/4 febrile neutropenia in Iranian brea...

Date 17 December 2016
Event ESMO Asia 2016 Congress
Session Poster lunch
Topics Cytotoxic agents
Complications/Toxicities of treatment
Translational Research
Presenter Abolfazl Faraji
Citation Annals of Oncology (2016) 27 (suppl_9): ix9-ix18. 10.1093/annonc/mdw574
Authors A. Faraji1, H. Dehghan Manshadi2, M. Mobaraki1, M. Zare2, Z. Siavashpour3, M. Houshmand1
  • 1Medical Genetics, National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, 14965161 - Tehran/IR
  • 2Clinical Oncology, Shohadaye 7 Tir, 10000 - Tehran/IR
  • 3Medica Radiation Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, 11111 - Tehran/IR

Abstract

Background

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide. One of the treatment options for breast cancer is doxorubicin-based chemotherapy but various treatment outcome and toxicities have been observed among different individuals. Neutropenia is one of the common hematologic side effect may be occurred during doxorubicin-based chemotherapy that can be considered as a life threatening factor for the breast cancer patients. ABCB1 and SLC22A16 genes encode two significant proteins that are involved in doxorubicin transportation.

Methods

In this study, we explored the effect of two common polymorphisms of ABCB1 (rs10276036) and SLC22A16 (rs12210538) genes in outbreak of grade 3/4 febrile neutropenia in Iranian breast cancer patients using ARMS-PCR and sequencing methods. The results were analyzed by IBM SPSS Statistics software ver. 23.

Results

Our results showed no significant association between the mentioned gene polymorphisms with outbreak of grade 3/4 febrile neutropenia. But higher frequency of wild type allele C of ABCB1 (rs10276036) and wild type allele A of SLC22A16 (rs12210538) genes polymorphism in the case group represent their more effect in outbreak of grade 3/4 febrile neutropenia whereas higher frequency of mutant type allele T of ABCB1 (rs10276036) and mutant type allele G of SLC22A16 (rs12210538) genes polymorphism in the control group represent their protective effect in outbreak of grade 3/4 febrile neutropenia. Furthermore, there was a statistical meaningful association between clinical manifestations such as cancer stage IIIC (p: 0.037) and existence of other diseases (p: 0.026) in addition to breast cancer with outbreak of grade 3/4 febrile neutropenia.

Conclusions

Our results indicate to evaluate outbreak risk of grade 3/4 neutropenia consideration of molecular and clinical findings could be helpful in screening of high risk breast cancer patients for outbreak of grade 3/4 febrile neutropenia.

Legal entity responsible for the study

Medical Genetics Department of National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Radiation Oncology Department of shohadaye 7Tir hospital of Iran University of Medical Sciences

Funding

Medical Genetics Department of National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Radiation Oncology Department of shohadaye 7Tir hospital of Iran University of Medical Sciences

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.