486P - Samarium-153 adjuvant to palliative local radiotherapy for bone metastases: Efficacy and complications

Date 18 December 2016
Event ESMO Asia 2016 Congress
Session Poster lunch
Topics Palliative Care
Surgery and/or Radiotherapy of Cancer
Presenter Saeed Davodian
Citation Annals of Oncology (2016) 27 (suppl_9): ix157-ix160. 10.1093/annonc/mdw595
Authors S. Davodian1, P. Haddad1, B. Kalaghchi1, F. Amouzgar Hashemi1, D. Beiki2, A. Kazemian1
  • 1Radiation Oncology Research Center, Cancer Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, 13145-158 - Tehran/IR
  • 2Nuclear Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, 1411713135 - Tehran/IR

Abstract

Background

This study was undertaken for evaluation of the efficacy and complications of the bone-seeking radiopharmaceutical Samarium-153 (153Sm-EDTMP) added to local external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for palliation of patients with metastatic bone pain.

Methods

Patients with multiple bone metastases and an estimated life expectancy of more than 3 months were eligible for this study, provided that they had a dominant localized pain for which palliative EBRT with local fields had been planned. Treatment was intravenous injection of 1.5 mCi (56 MBq)/kg of 153Sm-EDTMP, and local radiotherapy with 30 Gy in 10 fractions. Pain scoring was performed by the Farsi (Persian) version of Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), and response was categorized according to the International Consensus on Bone Metastases guidelines.

Results

Twenty-six patients (10 male, 16 female,) aged 30-80 years (mean 55 years) were enrolled in the study. Primary cancers were 15 breast, 7 prostate, and 4 others. Of the enrolled patients, 23 received the full treatment and were available for pain response evaluation. In these patients, overall response was 90% and there was 10% no response. 30% of the patients had a significant response with their pain score reducing to more than half. One patient (4.3%) experienced grade 3 leucopenia, and 1 patient grade 3 thrombocytopenia. All other patients experienced grade 0-2 of bone marrow toxicity.

Conclusions

153Sm-EDTMP adjuvant to local radiotherapy resulted in higher overall response compared to the results of our studies on EBRT alone and Samarium alone in similar populations of patients, and to the results in literature. Samarium did not significantly add to the complications of radiotherapy alone.

Clinical trial indentification

92-03-51-24776 Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

Legal entity responsible for the study

Radiation Oncology Research Center, Cancer Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Funding

Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.