1130TiP - NEMO: A phase 3 trial of binimetinib (MEK162) versus dacarbazine in patients with advanced NRAS-mutant melanoma who are untreated or have progresse...

Date 28 September 2014
Event ESMO 2014
Session Poster Display session
Topics Anticancer Agents
Skin Cancers
Translational Research
Basic Principles in the Management and Treatment (of cancer)
Biological Therapy
Presenter Reinhard Dummer
Citation Annals of Oncology (2014) 25 (suppl_4): iv374-iv393. 10.1093/annonc/mdu344
Authors R. Dummer1, P. Arenberger2, P.A. Ascierto3, S. Hallmeyer4, J.W. de Groot5, M. Lotem6, G.V. Long7, M. Marples8, D. Schadendorf9, A.N. Starodub10, M. Taylor11, P. Wolter12, N. Yamazaki13, E. Wasserman14, J. Ford14, M. Weill14, K.T. Flaherty15
  • 1Department Of Dermatology, Universitätsspital Zürich, 8091 - Zürich/CH
  • 2Department Of Dermatovenereology, Charles University, Prague/CZ
  • 3Unit Of Medical Oncology And Innovative Therapy, Istituto Nazionale Tumori Fondazione G. Pascale, Napoli/IT
  • 4Oncology, Oncology Specialists, S.C., Niles/US
  • 5Internal Medicine, Isala, Zwolle/NL
  • 6Sharett Institute Of Oncology, Hadassah Hebrew University Hospital, Jerusalem/IL
  • 7Surgery, Central Clinical School, Melanoma Institute Australia, University of Sydney, 2060 - North Sydney/AU
  • 8Medical Oncology, St James's University Hospital, LS9 7TF - Leeds/GB
  • 9Dermatology, University Hospital Essen, 45122 - Essen/DE
  • 10Oncology, Indiana University Health Goshen Center for Cancer Care, Goshen/US
  • 11Oncology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland/US
  • 12Department Of General Medical Oncology, University Hospitals Leuven UZ Leuven, 3000 - Leuven/BE
  • 13Division Of Dermatological Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo/JP
  • 14Oncology Clinical Development, Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover/US
  • 15Department Of Medicine, Hematology/oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston/US



Melanoma tumors often harbor mutations in the mitogen-activated protein kinase-signaling pathway family members BRAF or NRAS. NRAS mutations, observed in about 20% of patients with melanoma, are associated with higher tumor proliferation and poorer prognosis. A large retrospective analysis (n = 677) demonstrated that NRAS mutations are independently predictive of poor survival in patients with cutaneous melanoma (Jakob et al., 2011). With no approved targeted therapies for melanoma patients with NRAS-mutant tumors, treatments are currently limited to chemotherapy and/or immunotherapy. Binimetinib (MEK162), a potent and selective inhibitor of MEK1/2, has demonstrated promising phase 2 clinical activity in this patient subset. Here we describe the “NRAS mElanoma and MEK inhibitOr” (NEMO) trial, an ongoing phase 3 study designed to compare the efficacy of binimetinib vs dacarbazine in patients with metastatic NRAS-mutant melanoma (NCT01763164).

Trial design

NEMO is a 2-arm, open-label, 2:1 randomized trial of binimetinib vs dacarbazine. Eligible patients must have advanced unresectable or metastatic cutaneous melanoma or melanoma of unknown primary origin with a documented NRAS Q61 mutation (by central molecular screening) that was previously untreated or has progressed after any number of immunotherapy regimens. Patients are stratified by stage, performance status, and prior immunotherapy. The primary endpoint of the study is progression-free survival, and secondary endpoints include overall survival, overall response, disease control rate, safety, and quality of life. Binimetinib is administered orally at 45 mg twice daily and dacarbazine is dosed intravenously at 1000 mg/m2 once every 3 weeks. This phase 3 trial is designed to enroll 393 patients and is currently recruiting patients at more than 150 centers worldwide. This abstract was accepted and previously presented at the 2014 ASCO Annual Meeting Chicago, June 2014 Abstract ID 7022.


R. Dummer: Dr Dummer has received research funding and provided consultancy services for Novartis; P. Arenberger: Dr. Arenberger has received research funding from Novartis; P.A. Ascierto: Dr Ascierto received research funding from Novartis, Roche-Genentech, Ventana; been on a BOD or advisory committee for Novartis, Roche-Genentech, GSK, BMS; consulted for Roche-Genentech, MSD, GSK, Ventana, received honoraria from BMS, Roche-Genentech, GSK; S. Hallmeyer: Dr. Hallmeyer has received honoraria from Bristol Myers Squibb BMS, Novartis and Cardinal Health; G.V. Long: Dr. Long has been a member of an advisory committee for Novartis, GSK, BMS, Roche and Amgen; received honoraria from GSK and Roche; M. Marples: Dr. Marples has received sponsorship for attendance at scientific meetings from Novartis; D. Schadendorf: Dr Schadendorf has been on a board of directors and/or advisory board, consulted for, and received honoraria from Novartis, GSK, Roche, BMS, Merck, Amgen; received research funding from Merck; M. Taylor: Dr. Taylor has served as a consultant for Onyx; E. Wasserman: Dr. Wasserman is an employee of Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation; J. Ford: Mr. Ford is an employee of Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation; M. Weill: Ms. Weill is an employee of Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation; K.T. Flaherty: Dr. Flaherty has received research funding from Novartis; served as a consultant for Novartis. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.