44P - Determination of care dependency in patients diagnosed with lung cancer and care burden in these patients' relatives

Date 15 April 2016
Event European Lung Cancer Conference 2016 (ELCC) 2016
Session Poster lunch
Topics Bioethics, Legal, and Economic Issues
Psychosocial Aspects of Cancer
Thoracic malignancies
Presenter Zeliha Koç
Citation Journal of Thoracic Oncology (2016) 11 (supplement 4): S57-S166. S1556-0864(16)X0004-4
Authors Z. Koç1, T. Çınarlı2, Z. Sağlam1, P. Çelebi3, C. Bezölçen1
  • 1Health High School, Ondokuz Mayıs University(19 Mayis University), 55139 - Samsun/TR
  • 2Health Science Institution, Ondokuz Mayıs University(19 Mayis University), 55139 - Samsun/TR
  • 3Ondokuz Mayıs University, Ondokuz Mayıs University(19 Mayis University), 55139 - Samsun/TR

Abstract

Background

This descriptive study was conducted to determine the care dependency of individuals diagnosed with lung cancer and to determine the relatives' burden of care.

Methods

A total of 125 patients who were getting inpatient treatment in a hospital between the dates 10.05.2014 and 15.10.2015 and the relatives of these patients were included in the study. The data was collected by using a questionnaire form which consisted of 46 questions related to demographic and clinical features of patients and relatives and Caregiver Burden Scale and Care Dependency Scale. Caregiver Burden Scale is a Likert type scale of 22 items and its scores vary from 0 to 4. The lowest score one can get from this scale is 0 while the highest score is 88. A high score indicates that the burden is high. Care Dependency Scale is a 5 Likert type scale consisting of 17 items about daily life activities. The lowest score one can get from this scale is 17 while the highest score is 85. A high score indicates that the patient does not depend on anybody to meet care needs, while a low score indicates that the patient is dependent on others to meet care needs.

Results

13.6% of the patients were women while 86.4% were men and 68.8% of the caregivers were women while 31.2% were men. The average age of the patients was 62.0±9.4 and the average age of the caregivers was 46.7±14.4. It was found that 32.8% of the patients were stage IV, 79.2% were receiving chemotherapy; based on the treatment and prognosis of the disease, 78.4% were found to experience exhaustion and 62.9% were found to experience dyspnea. Average Caregiver Burden Scale was 25.46±17.29 and it was found that 25.6% had mild care burden, 17.6% had moderate care burden and 4.0% had severe care burden. Average Care Dependency Scale score was found as 67.96±17.08 and it was found that 24.8% of the patients were fully dependent on others for body hygiene while 16.0% were fully dependent on others for getting dressed and undressed.

Conclusions

A moderate negative association was found between scores of Care Dependency Scale and scores of Caregiver Burden Scale. As the scores of Care Dependency Scale increased, the scores of Caregiver Burden Scale decreased and as the patients became more independent, the caregivers' burden decreased.

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study

Associate Professor Zeliha Koç, Ondokuz Mayıs University

Funding

Foundation or academic group WITHOUT funding from a pharmaceutical, biotech, or other commercial company

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.