33P - Ipatasertib (GDC-0068), a novel Akt inhibitor, synergizes with anti-microtubule chemotherapic agents in human breast cancer cell lines

Date 10 October 2016
Event ESMO 2016 Congress
Session Poster display
Topics Cancer biology
Basic Scientific Principles
Presenter Carminia Maria Della Corte
Citation Annals of Oncology (2016) 27 (6): 1-14. 10.1093/annonc/mdw362
Authors C.M. Della Corte1, M. Orditura1, A. Diana1, C. Di Mauro2, V. Ciaramella1, F. De Vita1, F. Ciardiello1, F. Morgillo1
  • 1Medical Oncology, AOU Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli (AOU-SUN), 80131 - Napoli/IT
  • 2Oncology, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Policlinico Federico II-AOU Federico II, 80131 - Napoli/IT

Abstract

Background

Targeting PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling in cancer is an attractive therapeutic option, and particular the block of Akt can inhibit tumor growth. Ipatasertib (GDC-0068) is a potent inhibitor of all three Akt isoforms in in vitro and in vivo human tumormodels with activated Akt signaling, exhibiting a specific activity on mutant Akt1. Two ongoing trials are evaluating the efficacy of ipatasertib in combination with paclitaxel in neoadjuvant (NCT02301988) or in first line (NCT02162719) therapy in triple negative breast cancer patients. We investigated the role of ipatasertib in combination with anti-microtubule agents vinorelbine, taxanes, and eribulin in breast cancer cell lines.

Methods

The efficacy of combined treatment of Ipatasertib (GDC-0068) plus vinorelbine/taxanes/eribulin was evaluated in in vitro models of all breast cancer subtypes (HR and HER2 +/-, Akt wild-type/mutant). We assayed cell proliferation by using MTT (3,(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2)2,5 difeniltetrazolium bromide) and apoptosis by flow-cytometry analysis. The effect on the activation status of proteins downstream of Akt (phospho-S6, S6, phosphor-4EBP1, 4EBP1) and on other intracellular pathways (phospho-MAPK, MAPK, phosphor-MEK, MEK, cleaved PARP, caspase 3, Bcl-2) was analyzed by Western Blot analysis.

Results

A significant synergism of ipatasertib and chemotherapy in terms of anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effect was registered, irrespective of HR expression, HER2, and PI3KCA mutational status. These effects were accompanied by inhibition of Akt and MAPK pathways and activation of pro-apoptotic proteins, such as cleaved PARP and caspase 3.

Conclusions

Targeting downstream signaling by blocking Akt with ipatasertib could represent a new strategy to enhance chemotherapy effects in breast cancer models.

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study

Second University of Naples

Funding

Genentech

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.