92P - Knowledge, attitude and prevention practice about breast cancer among female nursing students in University of Nursing (Yangon), Myanmar

Date 18 December 2016
Event ESMO Asia 2016 Congress
Session Poster lunch
Topics Breast Cancer, Early Stage
Aetiology, Epidemiology, Screening and Prevention
Presenter Than Than Aye
Citation Annals of Oncology (2016) 27 (suppl_9): ix19-ix29. 10.1093/annonc/mdw575
Authors T.T. Aye, S. Mon
  • Medical Oncology, Bahosi Medical Centre Bahosi Housing Complex, 1221 - Yangon/MM



Breast cancer is one of the most dreaded conditions among women both in developed and developing countries and recent global cancer statistics indicate that its incidence is rising at a faster rate in populations of developing countries. This study is conducted to assess the knowledge, attitude and prevention practice regarding breast cancer among female nursing students as they will be front runners to educate and disseminate health knowledge among public in their future professional life which may lead to early detection and effective treatment of breast cancer.


A cross-sectional descriptive questionnaire study was conducted on a total of 248 female nursing students (122 first year students and 126 fourth year students) in University of Nursing (Yangon), Myanmar.


Mean age of students was 18.33 ± 1.7 year (Range: 16-22 years) and majority was Bamar (80%). Among participants, 17% had family history of malignancy and 3% had past history of breast lumps. Regarding knowledge, 60% students knew that breast cancer can occur only in women and ageing(34%), obesity(36%), nulliparous (57%) and late bearing of first child(>30 years old)(50%) were known as risk factors. About more than 50% of subjects knew the symptoms of breast cancer and 48%, 37% and 49% respectively were aware of correct timing, frequency and method of breast self examination. However, only about 30% of students had the correct knowledge concerning with clinical breast examination and only 11% knew the age at mammogram should be started. Although 60% of studied subjects had positive attitude towards the early detection of breast cancer, 47% practiced breast self examination (BSE). Of those who practiced BSE, only minority performed regularly (38%) and with correct frequency (50%).


These female nursing students who are expected to act as role models and educate the public had limited level of knowledge about breast cancer and practice of breast cancer screening. This study highlighted that there is still need for promoting nursing education programme about breast cancer and its screening practice among nursing students in Myanmar.

Clinical trial indentification

Legal entity responsible for the study

Bahosi Hospital, Yangon, Myanmar




All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.