93P - Awareness of breast cancer among surgical female inpatients in Kedah

Date 18 December 2016
Event ESMO Asia 2016 Congress
Session Poster lunch
Topics Breast Cancer, Early Stage
Presenter Ranita Kirubakaran
Citation Annals of Oncology (2016) 27 (suppl_9): ix19-ix29. 10.1093/annonc/mdw575
Authors R. Kirubakaran, T.C. Jia
  • Department Of Pharmacy, Sultan Abdul Halim Hospital, 08000 - Sungai Petani/MY



Breast cancer is the commonest cancer among women worldwide. About one in nineteen women in Malaysia are at risk, compared to one in eight in Europe and the United States.


A cross-sectional survey using validated self-administered questionnaire was conducted among 119 consecutive surgical female patients admitted from 1st of September 2015 to 8th of October 2015 in Hospital Sultan Abdul Halim, Kedah. Patients were required to answer 8 questions on demographic characteristics, 22 questions on knowledge of breast cancer and 5 questions related to their perception towards breast cancer treatment outcomes. Data was analyzed using General linear regression and Spearman’s correlation with Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20.


Mean(SD) age was 40.6(15.1) years and majority of the patients were Malay, 106(89.1%). Mean score for general knowledge, risk factors and symptoms of breast cancer were 50.2(24.0%), 43.0(22.9%) and 64.4(28.4%) respectively. Mean total knowledge score was 52.1(19.7%). 80(67.2%) and 55(46.2%) of patients were aware of breast self examination and clinical breast examination recommendations respectively. Generally, patients had positive perceptions towards breast cancer treatment outcomes. However, majority (59.7%) think that it is a long and painful process. Knowledge was significantly better among married patients with spouse (p = 0.046), those with personal history of breast cancer (p = 0.022) and with personal monthly income (p = 0.001) with the coefficient of determination, R2=0.16. Spearman’s correlation test showed a significant positive relationship between monthly personal income and breast cancer awareness (r = 0.343, p 


Overall, awareness on breast cancer among patients was poor. Thus, there is a need for awareness programs to educate women about breast cancer and to promote the early detection of breast cancer.

Clinical trial indentification

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Legal entity responsible for the study





All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.