Who drops out of cervical cancer screening? Results from the EDIFICE 6 survey

Date 29 September 2019
Event ESMO 2019 Congress
Session Poster Display session 2
Topics Cervical Cancer
Presenter Thibault de La Motte Rouge
Citation Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v403-v434. 10.1093/annonc/mdz250
Authors T. de La Motte Rouge1, F. Eisinger2, S. Couraud3, L. Greillier4, C. Touboul5, C. Lhomel6, M. Rouprêt7, J. Viguier8, J. Morere9
  • 1Department Of Medical Oncology, Centre Eugene - Marquis, 35042 - Rennes/FR
  • 2Dascc, Institute Paoli Calmettes, 13274 - Marseille/FR
  • 3Respiratory Diseases And Thoracic Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, 69495 - Pierre Bénite/FR
  • 4Multidisciplinary Oncology And Therapeutic, Hopital St. Marguerite Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Marseille, 13009 - Marseille/FR
  • 5Statistics, KantarHealth, 75014 - Paris/FR
  • 6Medical, Roche SAS, 92650 - Boulogne-Billancourt/FR
  • 7Grc N°5 Oncotype-uro, Hôpital Pitié-Salpétrière, 75013 - Paris/FR
  • 8Medical Oncology, CHRU Bretonneau, 37044 - Tours/FR
  • 9Oncology Department, Hôpital Paul Brousse AP-HP, 94800 - Villejuif/FR

Abstract

Background

The mean age at diagnosis of cervical cancer (CC) is 51 yrs old. Recommendations on cervical cancer screening has recently been implemented as a nationally organized program in France. Since 2018, women aged 25-65 yrs are now invited for a every 3 years pap smear test. It therefore appeared important to gain clearer insight into the characteristics of women who have had at least one Pap smear tests but have not returned after the recommended 3-year interval for a repeat test.

Methods

The French nationwide observational survey EDIFICE 6 was conducted online from 26 June to 28 July 2017 on 12 046 individuals (age, 18-69 yrs). Representativeness was ensured by quota sampling on age, gender, profession, and stratification by geographical area and type of urban district. Multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify factors likely to explain the non-uptake of subsequent CC screening. The present analysis included 4499 women (25-65 years) with no history of cancer.

Results

Of those who were in the target age range for CC screening, 15% (N = 671) did not return for the repeat examination within the recommended 3 years. Compared to those who were compliant with the recommendations, the population of non-compliant women was older (mean age 49.2 yrs vs 43.2 yrs). It was characterized by higher proportions of women living alone (single, widow or divorced, 40% vs 30%, P < 0.05), socially vulnerable individuals (55% vs 35%, P < 0.05), smokers (35% vs 26%, P < 0.05) and lower proportions of high socioprofessional categories (23% vs 34%, P < 0.05). In multivariate analysis, the items associated with non-compliance included: social vulnerability (OR = 1.78, 95% CI [1.49-2.12]), current smoking (OR = 1.54 [1.28-1.85]) and rating as “not important” the progress enabled by clinical research (OR = 1.49 [1.10-1.99]). The most frequently cited reasons for non-uptake of subsequent pap smear test were "I don’t feel concerned" (48%), “individual negligence/not a priority” (42%), reasons related to the physician (27%) or to the examination/results (22%).

Conclusions

Our findings highlight the need for novel awareness campaigns that specifically target the population which drops out CC screening (including, socially vulnerable women and smokers).

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Potentiel d’Action (France), funded by Roche.

Legal entity responsible for the study

Roche.

Funding

Roche.

Disclosure

T. de La Motte Rouge: Honoraria (self): Roche. F. Eisinger: Honoraria (self): Roche. S. Couraud: Honoraria (self): Roche. L. Greillier: Honoraria (self): Roche. C. Lhomel: Full / Part-time employment: Roche. M. Rouprêt: Honoraria (self): Roche. J. Morere: Honoraria (self): Roche. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest. Scientific clarification and Linguistic correction