Quantifying the Effects of the Korean National Cancer Screening Program on Cervical Cancer Mortality

Date 29 September 2019
Event ESMO 2019 Congress
Session Poster Display session 2
Topics Cervical Cancer
Presenter Nhung Bui
Citation Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v403-v434. 10.1093/annonc/mdz250
Authors N.C. Bui1, E. Choi1, M. Suh1, K. Jung2, J.K. Jun1, K.S. Choi1
  • 1Graduate School Of Cancer Science And Policy, National Cancer Center, 10408 - Goyang-si/KR
  • 2Cancer Registration And Surveillance, National Cancer Center, 10408 - Goyang-si/KR

Abstract

Background

Organized cervical cancer screening program for women aged 30 or over using Pap Smear has been launched in Korea since 1999. However, there is limited evidence showing the effectiveness of this nationwide screening program in reducing cervical cancer mortality. In this study, we aim to examine cervical cancer mortality among screened and non-screened women who participated in the Korean National Cancer Screening Program (KNCSP) from 2002 to 2003.

Methods

We conducted a prospective cohort study of women aged 30-79 years invited to the KNCSP between 2002 - 2003 and followed up to 2015 for deaths from cervical cancer and other causes. Women with incomplete ID, diagnosed with cervical cancer before entering the cohort, or older than 79 years were excluded. Finally, a total of 8,262,267 women aged 30-79 were included, and their cervical cancer screening exposure, cancer incidence, and death information were collected from the KNCSP database, National Cancer Registry, and death certificate from Statistics Korea. There were 6,615,614 women in the screen group (mean person-year: 9.74) and 5,814,989 women in the non-screen group (mean person-year: 8.33). Incidence rate ratio (IRR) and Mortality rate ratio (MRR) were used to compare between screen and non-screen cohorts using Poisson regression model. The MRRs and IRRs were adjusted for age at inclusion in the cohort, insurance type, and self-selection bias.

Results

The crude mortality rate was 3.49 and 8.77 per 100,000 women-years for screen and non-screen group, respectively. MRR for cervical cancer was 0.46 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.44-0.48). After adjusting for self-selection bias, it was estimated that there was 36.11% of mortality reduction in screen group compared to non-screen group. Also, IRR of invasive cancer in screen group was 0.74 (95% CI: 0.72-0.76) compared to non-screen group. However, there was no significant reduction in the total number of invasive cervical cancer and cervical cancer in situ incidence rate (IRR: 0.98; 95%CI: 0.98 (0.96-1.00)).

Conclusions

We found that after 13 years of follow-up, 36.11% of cervical cancer mortality reduction was observed among women who attended the Korean National Cervical Cancer Screening Program.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Kui Son Choi.

Funding

National Cancer Center, Korea (Grant number: 1610401) and International Cooperation & Education Program (NCCRI·NCCI 52210-52211,2019) of National Cancer Center, Korea.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.