Cell plasticity and taxanes resistance in metastatic prostate cancer: ESRP1 as a predictive biomarker of taxane response

Date 30 September 2019
Event ESMO 2019 Congress
Session Poster Display session 3
Topics Prostate Cancer
Translational Research
Presenter Natalia Jimenez
Citation Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v760-v796. 10.1093/annonc/mdz268
Authors N. Jimenez1, O. Reig2, R. Montalbo1, M. Milà-Guasch1, L. Nadal-Dieste1, I. Victoria2, A. Font3, A. Rodriguez-Vida4, J. Carles5, C. Suárez5, M. Domenech6, N. Sala-González7, P.L. Fernández8, A. Prat2, M. Marín-Aguilera2, B. Mellado2
  • 1Translational Genomics And Targeted Therapeutics In Solid Tumors Lab, Institut D'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), 08036 - Barcelona/ES
  • 2Medical Oncology Department, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, 08036 - Barcelona/ES
  • 3Medical Oncology; Urologic Tumors Unit; Badalona-applied Research Group In Oncology (b·argo), Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO), 08916 - Badalona/ES
  • 4Medical Oncology, Hospital del Mar, 08003 - Barcelona/ES
  • 5Medical Oncology Dept., Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, 08035 - Barcelona/ES
  • 6Medical Oncology, Fundació ALTHAIA, Manresa/ES
  • 7Medical Oncology, Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO), Girona/ES
  • 8Pathology Department, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, 08036 - Barcelona/ES

Abstract

Background

Taxanes are the most active chemotherapeutic agents in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), with demonstrated survival benefit. However, patients eventually develop resistance and no predictive molecular biomarkers are clinically available. This study analysed molecular changes associated with cell plasticity in CRPC-cell models resistant to docetaxel (D) and cabazitaxel (CZ), as well as in circulating tumour cells (CTCs) and tumour biopsies from patients with mCRPC treated with taxanes.

Methods

cDNA microarrays were performed in D and CZ-resistant (DR and CZR) DU-145 and PC-3 cell lines. Differential gene expression of a gene subset was validated by qRT-PCR and Western Blot analyses. Gene expression was evaluated in CTCs enriched samples and tumour samples from 22 and 118 patients, respectively.

Results

Microarrays analysis revealed a pronounced and intermediate epithelial-mesenchymal transition phenotype in DR and CZR cells, respectively. The penetrance of stem-cell-like and neuroendocrine phenotypes generated by D and CZ-resistance differed in the DR and CZR models. Gene expression changes also occurred in CTCs after taxane treatment. Low expression of ESRP1 in tumour samples predicted lower PSA-progression-free survival (PFS) in D-treated (HR 0.4, 95%CI 0.2-0.7, P < 0.001) than in CZ-treated patients (HR 2.3, 95%CI 1.1-4.8, P = 0.034). Moreover, tumour EMT phenotype (defined by ESRP1 downregulation and ZEB1 and AXL overexpression) was also associated with a lower PSA-PFS to D (HR 2.2, 95%CI 1.3-3.8, P = 0.005), contrary to CZ (HR 0.3, 0.1-0.7, P = 0.006). NE-markers EZH2 and SYP correlated with lower OS in D (HR 1.6, 95%CI 1.1-2.5, P = 0.023) and CZ (HR 3.6, 95%CI 1.6-8.1, P = 0.002), respectively.

Conclusions

Molecular changes associated with cell plasticity are different in D or CZ resistance. The EMT profile expression in primary tumour was differentially associated to D or CZ benefit. ESRP1 expression in tumour may be a potential predictive biomarker of different sensitivity to D and CZ.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Hospital Clínic de Barcelona.

Funding

Instituto de Salud Carlos III-Subdirección General de Evaluación y Fomento de la Investigación; European Regional Development Fund (ERDF); CERCA Programme/Generalitat de Catalunya; Astellas Pharma S.A; Sanofi.

Disclosure

N. Jimenez: Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Sanofi. O. Reig: Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Ipsen; Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Pfizer; Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Sanofi; Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Bristol-Myers Squibb; Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Janssen-Cilag; Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Bayer. A. Font: Advisory / Consultancy, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Roche; Advisory / Consultancy: Sanofi; Advisory / Consultancy: Janssen; Research grant / Funding (institution), Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Astra-Zeneca; Research grant / Funding (institution), Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Astellas; Research grant / Funding (institution): Pierre Fabre. A. Rodriguez-Vida: Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony, Research grant / Funding (institution): MSD; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony, Research grant / Funding (institution): Pfizer ; Research grant / Funding (institution): Takeda; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Astellas; Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Astra-Zeneca; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Bayer; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Bristol-Myers Squibb; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Janssen; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Roche; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Ipsen; Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Sanofi-Aventis; Advisory / Consultancy: Clovis. J. Carles: Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Bayer; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Johnson&Johnson; Advisory / Consultancy: Bristol-Myers Squibb; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Astellas; Advisory / Consultancy: Pfizer; Advisory / Consultancy: Sanofi; Advisory / Consultancy: MSD ; Advisory / Consultancy: Roche; Advisory / Consultancy: Astra-Zeneca; Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Asofarma. C. Suárez: Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Bristol-Myers Squibb; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Ipsen; Advisory / Consultancy: Sanofi; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Pfizer; Advisory / Consultancy: EUSA Pharma; Advisory / Consultancy: Astellas ; Advisory / Consultancy: Novartis; Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Roche/Genentech; Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Astra-Zeneca; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Roche. M. Domenech: Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Roche; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Bristol-Myers; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: MSD; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Sanofi; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Pfizer; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Astellas; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Janssen. N. Sala-González: Advisory / Consultancy, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Pfizer; Advisory / Consultancy, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Astellas; Advisory / Consultancy, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Bristol-Myers Squibb; Advisory / Consultancy, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Ipsen. A. Prat: Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Roche; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Pfizer; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Novartis; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Daiichi Sankyo; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Nanostring; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: MSD; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Lilly. M. Marín-Aguilera: Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Bristol-Myers Squibb. B. Mellado: Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Roche; Advisory / Consultancy: Sanofi; Advisory / Consultancy, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Janssen; Advisory / Consultancy: Astellas; Advisory / Consultancy, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Pfizer; Advisory / Consultancy: Novartis; Advisory / Consultancy: Bristol-Myers Squibb; Advisory / Consultancy: Ipsen; Research grant / Funding (institution): Bayer. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.