A phase 1 study of Ad5 PSA/MUC-1/Brachyury Vaccine in Patients with Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC)

Date 30 September 2019
Event ESMO 2019 Congress
Session Poster Display session 3
Topics Prostate Cancer
Presenter Marijo Bilusic
Citation Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v325-v355. 10.1093/annonc/mdz248
Authors M. Bilusic1, R.A. Madan1, F.H. Karzai1, S. McMahon1, R.N. Donahue2, J. Strauss2, M.E. Gatti-Mays2, J. Redman1, L.M. Cordes1, C. Palena2, E.S. Gabitzsch3, F.R. Jones3, J.P. Balint3, P. Soon-Shiong4, S. Rabizadeh4, M. Policard2, J. Schlom2, J.L. Gulley1
  • 1Genitourinary Malignancies Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, 20892 - Bethesda/US
  • 2Laboratory Of Tumor Immunology And Biology, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, 20892 - Bethesda/US
  • 3Etubics Corporation, Etubics Corporation, 98199 - Seattle/US
  • 4Nantcell, NantCell, 90232 - Culver City/US

Abstract

Background

Therapeutic cancer vaccines targeting tumour associated antigens (TAAs) offer a potential method to activate cytotoxic T-cells. A vaccine using a novel Ad5 vector (E1-, E2b-) targeting 3 TAAs, PSA, MUC-1 and Brachyury, has been constructed. Both the C-terminus of MUC-1 and Brachyury have been shown to play an integral role in epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, metastasis, and chemotherapy resistance. Both antigens are overexpressed in mCRPC. The transgenes for PSA, MUC-1 and Brachyury contain modifications for the expression of CD8+ T-cell enhancer agonist epitopes. This vaccine has not been previously tested in humans.

Methods

Pts with mCRPC were treated with the combination of 3 vaccines targeting PSA, MUC-1 and Brachyury at 5 x 1011 viral particles (VP) each, SQ every 3 weeks for maximum of 3 doses (dose de-escalation cohort) and followed by boost every 8 weeks for 1 year (dose expansion cohort only). The primary objective was to determine the safety and tolerability and to establish the recommended phase 2 dose. Immune assays were conducted in the first 5 enrolled patients.

Results

12 pts were enrolled (6 in each cohort) between 07/2018 and 04/2019 and received at least 1 dose. Median PSA was 37.8 (range, 5.81 – 1006 ng/mL). Vaccine was safe and tolerable, no DLTs or grade 3 or higher treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) were observed. All other TRAEs were Grade 1 or 2; the most common was injection-site reaction in all pts. Two chemotherapy naïve pts had confirmed PSA declines (89% and 50%, respectively) observed after only 1 dose. Third had unconfirmed 12% PSA decline at week 3. 5/5 patients mounted responses to at least 1 TAA while 3/5 mounted immune responses to all 3 TAAs. Multifunctional T-cell responses to PSA, MUC-1 and Brachyury were also detected post-vaccination.

Conclusions

Ad5 PSA/MUC-1/Brachyury vaccine is safe and well tolerated. The recommended Phase 2 dose is 5 x 1011 VP. Confirmed PSA decline was observed in 2 pts. Multifunctional TAA specific T-cell responses to all 3 antigens were seen in a patient with 89% PSA decline. Further research is warranted to evaluate immunogenicity and eventual clinical benefit. Future trials will involve the use of this vaccine in combination with other immuno-oncology agents.

Clinical trial identification

NCT03481816.

Editorial acknowledgement

Debra Weingarten.

Legal entity responsible for the study

Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health.

Funding

Intramural Research Program of the Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), and by Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAs) between the NCI and NantCell/Etubics, and the NCI and NantBioscience.

Disclosure

E.S. Gabitzsch: Full / Part-time employment: Etubics Corporation. F.R. Jones: Full / Part-time employment: Etubics Corporation. J.P. Balint: Full / Part-time employment: Etubics Corporation. P. Soon-Shiong: Full / Part-time employment, Founder and an executive: NantCell; Full / Part-time employment, Founder and an executive: NantBioscience. S. Rabizadeh: Full / Part-time employment: NantCell. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.