Ostracism In Adolescent Cancer Patients And Predictors (OSTRACA Study): A Study Of The Palliative Care Working Committee Of The Turkish Oncology Gr...

Date 22 October 2018
Event ESMO 2018 Congress
Session Poster display session: Breast cancer - early stage, locally advanced & metastatic, CNS tumours, Developmental therapeutics, Genitourinary tumours - prostate & non-prostate, Palliative care, Psycho-oncology, Public health policy, Sarcoma, Supportive care
Topics Psychosocial Aspects of Cancer
Presenter Ali Alkan
Citation Annals of Oncology (2018) 29 (suppl_8): viii557-viii561. 10.1093/annonc/mdy296
Authors A. Alkan1, Z.G. Güç2, T. Şakalar3, G. Zengin4, A. Yaşar5, Y. Karakas6, T. Yavuzsen7, O.B. Oksuzoglu8, F. Çay Şenler9
  • 1Medical Oncology, Osmaniye Public Hospital, 80000 - Osmaniye/TR
  • 2Medical Oncology, Dokuz Eylül University School of Medicine, 35000 - İzmir/TR
  • 3Medical Oncology, Erciyer University School of Medicine, 80350 - Kayseri/TR
  • 4Medical Oncology, Ankara Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Oncology Hospital, 06000 - Ankara/TR
  • 5Medical Oncology, Ankara University School of Medicine, 06000 - Ankara/TR
  • 6Medical Oncology, Hakkari Public Hospital, 6100 - HAkkari/TR
  • 7Medical Oncology, Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine, Institute of Oncology, 35340 - Izmir/TR
  • 8Medical Oncology, Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Ankara Onkoloji Training and Research Hospital, 6200 - Ankara/TR
  • 9Medical Oncology, Ankara University School of Medicine, 34000 - İstanbul/TR

Abstract

Background

Ostracism is defined as being ignored or excluded by others. Being excluded during adolescence can result in various problem behaviors and emotional disturbances. The purpose of the study is to evaluate ostracism in adolescent cancer patients and define the predictors of it.

Methods

The study was conducted as a multicenter survey study. Adolescent cancer patients, who were under remission, were evaluated with structured questionnaires to assess the Ostracism and clinical parameters associated with it. Turkish version of Ostracism Experience Scale for Adolescents (OES-A) and Kutcher adolescent depression scale (KADS) were used.

Results

Between December 2017 and April 2018, 52 patients were evaluated in 4 different cancer centers. Median age was 21 (14-24), 40.4% of them were female and most of them were university student (23, 44.2%). Median OES-A score was 23.5(11.0-41.0). While female sex (28.0 vs 19.0, p = 0.008) and low family income (28.0 vs 21.0, p = 0.02) were associated with more ostracization; patients working full/part time (19.0 vs 25.0, p = 0.01) and university students (19.0 vs 27.0, p = 0.01) were less ostracized. In multivariate analysis, being female was associated with high OES-A scores (OR: 7.8, CI(95%) 1.4-42.9, p = 0.018). Being university student (OR: 0.14, , CI(95%) 0.02- 0.71, p = 0.018) and working (OR: 0.07 , CI(95%) 0.007- 0.7, p = 0.02) were associated with low OES-A scores(Table). Higher OES-A scores were associated with high KADS scores (9.0 vs 7.5, p = 0.16).Table: 1543P

High OES-A Score
CharacteristicsORCI (95%)p
Female7.81.4- 42.90.018
Low income3.20.6-16.30.14
University student0.140.02-0.710.018
Working0.070.007- 0.70.02

Conclusions

It is the first data about ostracism in adolescent cancer patients. OES-A score was higher than the scores of adolescents without cancer. While female adolescent patients were found to be under risk of ostracism, working and being university student were protective against ostracism. Ostracism in adolescent cancer patients should be studied in larger series.

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study

Ali Alkan.

Funding

Has not received any funding.

Editorial Acknowledgement

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.